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2013-10-21 Work .docx

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Western University
Sociology 2239
Young- Hwa Hong

Midterm Exam (20%) - When: Nov 4 (Monday) 1:30-3:10 (100 mins) - Where: current classroom - Content: readings and lecture notes from week 1 to week 8 - Please write clearly and legibly. Points may be taken off for illegible hand-writing - No aids allowed – also no electronic devices - Be sure that there are no pieces of paper with answers on them under or near your desk before you start the exam or cell phone Questions - Part I: 25 multiple choice questions (work 50%) - Part II: fill-in-the-blank questions (work 10%) - Part III: 4 short answer questions (worth 40%) o Term definition; provide concrete examples or implications o Interpret what paragraphs mean o Answers should be written in complete sentences o You will be asked to write 1 or 2 paragraphs depending on the questions - Do not use pencil; pen October 21, 13 Household Work/Unpaid Work - Term o Stalled revolution: people believe feminism is no longer necessary - Unpaid reproductive labour and its value - Gendered housework - Gender strategies in housework - Part-time work and the gender division of labour (Webber & Williams) - Household work (Eichler &Albanese) - Film: Household Work – More Than It Seems The Stalled Revolution (Hochschild, 1989) - Women have commonly participated in paid work (revolution), yet still remain responsible for housework and childcare at home – cannot survive on one income o The economic need is the cause of women entering to workforce - The Second Shift o The work done in the private sphere after work o First shift: public paid labour force - Men have no substantially changed their cultural understanding of marriage and after often resistant to share housework at home o Still expect women to care for the home and childcare o Men’s less involved in the house/child care blocks the feminist revolution  Stalled revolution - There is an absence of equivalent cultural change in gender roles and social arrangements within society as a whole - Household work is still gendered and women participate more than men Unpaid Reproductive Labour and its Value - Canadian family members spend 20 billion hours doing housework every year o Required to participate in the economy - More women than men perform this unpaid labour - However, this “labour of love” tends to be overlooked and its value and importance are dismissed o It doesn’t make money  Constant capital ($) + Variable capital = Capital with surplus value  $100 (fixed investment) + $50 (employees) = $150 [- 200 = $50]  Variable labour → reproductive labour = not paid to maximize surplus value • Marxist capitalism: capitalist systems exploits women  Women do not have exchange value • Don't get proper compensation because of capitalist system’s values - Limitations caused by defining paid work as useful and unpaid work as useless; use value versus exchange value o The area of consumption defines economic value (private vs. public) - Devalued reproductive labour vs. overvalued paid work - If childcare and housework ceased, our society would collapse o The children are the future labour force – essential Emphasis on part-time working mothers Gendered Housework - Men’s housework o Mainly household maintenance and repairs o Not regular o More control and flexible timing (non-routine)  Easier to manage time o More time outside or in the garage - Women’s housework o Cooking, cleaning, childcare  Can never skip/delay cooking  Childcare is tiring – unexpected sickness; lack of sleep due to infants • Not in control of what/when they do o Daily o More constraining o Several things all at once Women’s Gender Strategies (Hochschild, 1998) - Gender strategy – “a purposive action that is pursued in an attempt to cope with, reconcile or manage one’s daily
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