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2014-02-24 Globalization of Reproductive Labour.docx

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Sociology 2239
Young- Hwa Hong

February 24, 14 Google Babies: Globalization of Reproductive Labour Outline - The Modern World System/International Division of [Reproductive] Labour - Globalization of Reproductive Technologies - Film: Google Babies (2009) o How reproductive labour is done through the world system The Modern World System (1974) - Immanuel Wallerstein (1930-Present) – Marxist Scholar - Praxis is important in scholarship – connecting the theory with practice o Similar to Marx Why certain nations are so poor and not democratic - Modernization thesis – treats each nation individually o Other scholars:All the nation states follow one evolutionary model – process of attainment  Don’t want to historicize unequal relationships  Simplistic and inadequate explanation - Historicizing is very important - “An interdependent system of countries linked by political and economic competition” o Opposite of modernization thesis o Emphasizes interdependency – exists on unequal power relations (hierarchy) - The relationships between nations and regions are not reciprocal but are based on domination and exploitation - Economic domination is accompanied by political and cultural domination: dependency International Division of Labour - “Simply as a unit with a single division of labour and multiple cultural systems” - Core states: control a vast majority of the world’s wealth and dominate the periphery should political, economic, and military power (U.S, some western European countries, Japan, Canada?) o Export exploitation (in peripheral states), have well-paid labour force o Technology advanced workforce o Bourgeoisie - Peripheral states: are exploited for their raw materials (at a low price to the core nations), which are then exported to the core. (Parts ofAfrica, LatinAmerica & Asia) o Least developed countries, with a colonial history  Legally independent, but carry a colonial legacy  Do not have the power to say no to the core nations o Cheap, labour intensive products o Former colonies of core states as well as weak nations lacking the economic, political and military clout o Unequal power relations o Not necessarily an uneducated population – not about whether people possess capitalist skills or not o Proletariat - Semi-peripheral states: occupy a position between core and periphery (South Korea, China, India) – may be exploited by the core nation states, but may also exploit poorer nation states o Not a fixed category – power relations may change over time o Act as a b
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