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Interaction and Labelling Theories

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Sociology 2259
Pamela Cushing

Sociology of Deviance Nov 23Interaction Theories of Deviance Continued MEAD 4 Stages of Socialization1ImitationWhen children learn to use language and other symbols by imitating the significant others 2PretendWhen children pretend to be other people Like playing house based on what you see in your life based on social experiences 3Gameby about age 7 Mead liked to use baseball as an analogy You have to understand the role of the other What your job is but what the other roles are in order to play the game 4The Generalized Other when a child is able to understand the generalized other Understanding your self in terms of your culture bigger society and how they apply to you How others see you Learn how you are portrayed by others TannenbaumThe Dramatization of Evila community cannot deal with people it cannot definePeople like to put people into categorizes This contributes to predictability and organization Labelling creates Kinds of People which we then expect to behave in the manner imputed to themHe argued most young people take part in some kind of misconduct It is only the delinquent people that get caught and are put in the system that are more likely to have deviant careers They have long term deviant behaviour It is the process of the system that creates deviant behaviour You are more likely to internalize the label if you go through the system Howard Backer Outsiders coined the term moral entrepreneur SOCIAL GROUPS CREATE DEVIANCE BY MAKING RULES WHOSE INFRACTION CONSTITUTES DEVIANCE DEVIANCE IS NOT A QUALITY OF THE ACT BUT A CONSEQUENCE OF THE APPLICATION BY OTHERS OF RULES AND SANCTIONS TO AN OFFENDER Very important quote for labelling theory by Backer Deviance can become your master culture Same process to become successful in a subculture as main culture You become a outsider once you have been labelledSocial control leads to deviant behaviour Social groups create deviants by making rules Those who break the roles are deviant Deviance is not the quality of the act It is not inherent Deviance is not universal Deviance all depends on who is making the rules Edwin Lemert Primary and Secondary DeviationPrimary deviation having been accused of committed an act nut not having developed a deviant identity
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