Soc of Deviance October 19
Theories of the Body and Mind and The Social Disorganization Perspective.
Time to talk about Sigmund Freud
⁃ Psychoanalytic theory did influence deviant studies
⁃ Freud contributed to the world of the unconscious mind.
⁃ Id: Pleasure principle
⁃ Ego: The Reality
⁃ Superego: holds your morals
⁃ Freud says the only thing you are born with is the id, everything else you are socialized
⁃ Id is the survival instinct
⁃ The superego – includes societal expectation. Keeps the Id in check.
⁃ Ego – balances the two.
⁃ A criminal may not have the control from the superego and ego
⁃ Life instinct – Eros/ Libido: This is your sex drive, self preservation
⁃ Death Instinct – Our impulses toward self destruction
⁃ Freud argued these life and death instincts are always in conflict. People can develop
issues like anxiety or substance abuse to deal with this conflict.
⁃ Idea of criminal superego – if your parents were criminals you may have a criminal
superego. (Moral code)
What is a psychopathic personality?
⁃ Egocentric and superficial
⁃ Historically believed they were not empathic and could not feel remorse, some studies
argue they can to an extent but is not the same as other people
⁃ Many psychologists began referring to psychopaths as sociopaths so as to acknowledge
the important of social components in the development of personality disorder.
⁃ Perhaps environment has a lot to do with whether or not someone who has
psychopathic personality will become deviant.
⁃ Not a lot of consensus of where it comes from.
⁃ Deviant or deficient in their interpersonal relationships and in self-control.
⁃ Very good at focusing and achievement. (Seem very controlled)
⁃ Prof says a lot of CEOs (etc) have the markers of a psychopaths
⁃ Been called predators because they blend so well and can mimic emotion.
⁃ Lack of shame, remorse, empathy (this is debated),
⁃ Do not recognize the risk of being caught. - This can be related to being ego centric
(rules do not apply to me, or I will not get caught)
⁃ Colonel Russell Williams – head of air force base in Trenton. (Very high ranking at the
base) convicted murderer and rapist. Forcible confinement. In jail now.
Roommates with Paul Bernardo apparently – went to school together. ⁃ Would steal women's panties, wear them, take pictures, (stole underwear from girls as
young as 9)
⁃ Escalated to sexual assault – was a hunter, watch to see if a women was alone, what
their schedules were
⁃ Escalated to rape. Then murder.
The Social Disorganization Perspective
-Developed out of the Chicago School
This is a perspective is a positivistic approach to deviance
And the emphasis is on social pathology – Social sickness. Response to the
individualistic, biological approach.
This theory suggests that societies themselves can be sick and that is where deviance
Emile Durkheim. - Founding father....
Deviance results from the instability resulting from social change – (1890s -1930s) At the
end of the industrial revolution (which caused the extreme difference in social class)
⁃ Durkheim was influenced by social Darwinism. He saw society as an organism.
Society can evolve over time.
⁃ Deviance was a natural part of society- according to Durkheim. Natural part of the
organism. (Idea of prostitution keeping families together because men need more
⁃ Deviance could be functional
⁃ Idea of societies moving from simple to complex.
⁃ Nature of deviance de