Class Notes (836,563)
Canada (509,855)
Sociology (3,242)
Lecture 5

Lecture 5.doc

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Sociology 2259
Pamela Cushing

Biological & Physiological Explanations of Deviance Lecture 5 Paradigm shift from the classical era - Positivism: used of methods of the natural sciences  scientific (objective) - Deviance is pathological  it’s an illness - Biological determinism  symptoms, born this way - Notion of free will was an excuse o Criminal behaviour is an inborn defect o Self-directed actor was replaced with a person who’s every action was a result of some dark biological influence o Searched for these bad genes Born Criminal Theory - Emerging: criminal anthropology  tell someone was bad by how they looked - Physiognomy: study of facial features  no chin, caveman-esque - Phrenology: mapped the brain, by looking at their skulls (because that makes sense)  identified areas related to personality and behaviour o They could use skull casts to see if there were bumps in certain parts of the skull  excess of emotion - Craniometry: classifying human types by brain size and skull measurements o You know what they say about fellas with big brains  they’re deviant! - MENTAL NOTE: you look like an Amish diddler  get rid of your beard I think maybe Lombroso: Criminal Anthropology - Italian psychiatrist - Credited as the father of criminology - Focus: biological causes of deviance and crime - Biological atavism: criminals were evolutionary throw-backs Sheldon: Body Types - Ectomorphs  skinny wieners - Endomorphs  Chubby dudes - Mesomorphs  tough jocks (tunnel snakes rule we cause crime) Social Darwinism - Herbert Spencer: apply concept of evolution to an understanding of history and societies o This was the survival of the fittest dude - Human socities moving from “primitive” to “civilized” o That’s social Darwinism - The criminal, the poor, the mentally ill, the less intelligent, and those with low morals would all die out  they were the deviants Genetic Inheritance - Gregor Mendal  that dude who did selective breeding with plants - Deviance was inherited and therefore inevitable - Not only was it assumed that the fittest would survive but the determining factor in who was fit was genetically predetermined  uh oh! Eugenics (good birth) and Theories of Deviance - Made popular by Social Darwinism - Some social groups are better than (more evolved/biologically superior) than others - Result: programs and policies to increase reproduction in “superior” groups
More Less

Related notes for Sociology 2259

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.