SOCIOLOGY LECTURE NOTES- ALL.docx

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LECTURE 1 4/15/2012 8:40:00 AM
What is sociology?
-groups and how they interact
-social patterns and why people do the things they do
-how gender acts on groups, social structure, and how Canadian culture
effects those
- how do you belong in different groups in Canadian society
- groups or individuals in relation to social structures
-agency-> capacity to act
-structure-> limitation on capacity to act
-people using structure and agency are able to form there system to they
way the like it
ex. Driving too fast on the 401, we‟ve made it so that driving at 100 Is not
affectively in forced any longer.
What is not sociology?
- commonsense is not sociology, they both day with everyday life but
commonsense does not take into consideration social change.
-sociology gathers data systematically unlike commonsense, but also
explains social functioning and social change unlike common sense which
believes things will always stay the same.
Sociological imagination-
-The ability to see between individual experience and the larger society
-taking a personal issue and relating it to a bigger picture
situational ethics and cheating survey
is cheating always cheating?
excuses…..
a) denial of responsibility
b) appeal to higher loyalties
c) condemning the condemner
d) denial of injury/ denial of victim
how are individuals and social structures acting upon each other in this
example?
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Educational internships
-not many people get internships, a lot of peer pressure to do internships
- a lot of internships replace jobs that people need and would have
- companies replace regularly paid employees with internships, because they
pay them less… they take advantage of the interns.
- employers make interns do bitch work, but interns use internships on their
resume to make it more impressive then it actually is.
-no longer works that at the end of the day you would potentially get a job,
its free labor that has no job in the future.
-people cant afford to work internships, especially after coming out of post
secondary schooling.
- this internship is am increasing trend
-
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LECTURE 2 4/15/2012 8:40:00 AM
LECTURE
understanding Hernando Washington:
Commonsense:
-mentally unstable
-no remorse for his actions
-weird guy
Sociological perspective:
-believed that he was abiding by the rules of the south side, people do that,
no one takes any action therefore he reasoned it was right.
- he knows nothing will be done to him
-has many encounters that tell him life has no value
What is the social theory?
An account of the world that goes beyond what we can see or measure.
-generalizations or classifications about the social world and social
relationships (so how does Hernando‟s social status, culture ect. Effect his
actions)
Early sociology:
Confucius
-role modeling
Plato and Aristotle
-reflected how society should be
Idn- khaldun
-describes social change
-decay of affluent tribes (also refers to empires and nations)
-good example of this is the united states, starting to crumble
European Beginings:
-scientific revolution
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