Sociology 1020 Lecture Notes - The Bell Curve, Construction Set, Gender Role

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16 Nov 2011
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- Intro to soc: 1,2,3,4
- 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 18, 19, 20, 26
- everything up to socialization
GENDER
What Gender are You?
1. Male = 36
2. Female = 64
Gender – Males Under Construction
- dont show emotion, unless its anger
- alcohol, DUI
- fighting
- risk taking
- solve problems with violents
- Messereschiment:
- young men gain status because of what we do (status)
SEX
- Biological category
- Based on physiological differences
- Sex is determined at conception as a result of cell formation
- ascried with it - born with it
Becoming Our Sex
- Male -------------------------------- Female (either one or the other)
- Obvious answer: sex is natural, biologically determined
- BUT…
- Estimate is 1-3% of babies born are “intersexed”
- they are no descricly male or female
Sex Codes: Premarital Sexual Standards
- pre-matial sex codes
- most countries tolerant sex before marriage
1. Abstinence standard - no sex before marriage
2. Double standard - granting men to have sex, but they don't marry "hores"
3. Love standard - sex is a physical expression of love
4. Fun standard - giving and receiving sex for pleasure, only if willing
To which sex code do you adhere?
1. Abstinence - 8
2. Double standard - 1
3. Love standard - 63
4. Fun standard - 28
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GENDER
- Social category (we construct it)
- Based on social expectations for individuals (cultural defined, whats should the
sexes think?)
- Set of social attitudes that can vary from culture to culture and over time within
a society
- Gender norms…
◦ rules specifying appropriate behaviour for each gender - ‘gender scripts’
Gender – Females Under Construction
- appearance
- construction on your body
- diet, for appearance
- shopping, consumption
- exceptable to show emotions
Gender-role Socialization
Masculine ------------------------------------------------------------- Feminine
- the dominant group is invisible
- they are stereotypes (same since the 60s)
Boys must be:
- Masculine
- Aggressive
- Tough
- Daring
- Dominant
They can't:
- wear makeup
- cry
- wear dresses
- baby sitting
- wearing fingernail or toenail polish
Girls must be:
- Feminine
- Soft
- Emotional
- Sweet
- Submissive
They can't:
- work construction
- play football?
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