Sociology 1021E Lecture Notes - Order Theory, Occupational Segregation, Social Inequality

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Published on 20 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 1021E
Professor
Ch.14 Organizations and Work
work - activity that makes physical materials, services, and ideas more useful
- manual work, service work, intellectual work
- human work different than animal work because
- we conceptualize
- conduct purposeful/conscious work (not instinct)
Evolution of Work
- early human societies ; social division of labour. Dependent on gender and age. Men hunt women
collect berries
- nomadic; serfs farm land while lord manage and own
- industrial: detailed division of labour. Interdependence, viewed as harmful
- Industrialism; Marx, social discontent and overthrow of upper class. Durkheim, individuals experience
anomie (atomized, normlessness)
Scientific management/Fordism/Taylorism - breaking down production into smaller more manageable
parts . Increases productivity for mass production but not wellbeing of workers
- could not be used for smaller quantities of production
- workers rebelled bc work too brainless and repetitive
- social contract: gov’t, businesses, and workers understand that hard growth and cooperation leads
to economic growth. Therefore workers should be treated well for their contribution to society
formal organizations - institutions developed out of industrial capitalism w. division of labour to make
work efficient (exp. schools, hospitals, corporations)
informal organizations - arise out of need to support organization. Could be positive or not (rumour
mills), flexible and functional
rationalization - capitalist’s concern with increasing efficiency; more detailed division of labour
negotiated order theory organizations are flexible structures developed through interpersonal
interactions
McDonalization/rationalization efficiency, calculability (quantity over quality), predictability, control.
Dehumanizing and harmful, spread to other sectors of society causing a lost of autonomy (exp.
Hospitals)
Inequalities
- Occupational segregation based on sex, race & ethnicity.
- Work linked to social inequality; one’s job determines one’s opportunities, life style, and social
status.
- Personal bias of the employer important
Youth & Labour Market
- Youth unemployment and wage drop increasing
- Delayed adulthood; more school, older marriage etc.
Alienating / Satisfying Work
- Alienation Marx. Structural problem where doers are controlled by deciders and lose their
ability to control how they worked. Lose creativity and humanity
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Document Summary

Ch. 14 organizations and work work - activity that makes physical materials, services, and ideas more useful. Human work different than animal work because. Early human societies ; social division of labour. Nomadic; serfs farm land while lord manage and own. Industrialism; marx, social discontent and overthrow of upper class. Scientific management/fordism/taylorism - breaking down production into smaller more manageable parts . Increases productivity for mass production but not wellbeing of workers. Could not be used for smaller quantities of production. Workers rebelled bc work too brainless and repetitive. Social contract: gov"t, businesses, and workers understand that hard growth and cooperation leads to economic growth. Could be positive or not (rumour mills), flexible and functional rationalization - capitalist"s concern with increasing efficiency; more detailed division of labour negotiated order theory organizations are flexible structures developed through interpersonal interactions. Mcdonalization/rationalization efficiency, calculability (quantity over quality), predictability, control. Dehumanizing and harmful, spread to other sectors of society causing a lost of autonomy (exp.

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