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Lecture

Sociology 1021E Lecture Notes - Sex Segregation, Symbolic Interactionism, Interrupt


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 1021E
Professor
Kim Luton

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01/09/2011
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GENDER
What Gender are You?
1. Male
2. Female
Gender – Males Under Construction
SEX
Biological category
Based on physiological differences
Sex is determined at conception as a result of cell formation
Becoming Our Sex
Male -------------------------------- Female
Obvious answer: sex is natural, biologically determined
BUT
Estimate is 1-3% of babies born are “intersexed”
Sex Codes: Premarital Sexual Standards
1.
1. Abstinence standard
2. Double standard
3. Love standard
4. Fun standard
To which sex code do you adhere?
1. Abstinence
2. Double standard
3. Love standard
4. Fun standard
GENDER
Social category
Based on social expectations for individuals
Set of social attitudes that can vary from culture to culture and over time within a society
Gender norms…
rules specifying appropriate behaviour for each gender - ‘gender scripts’
Gender – Females Under Construction
Gender-role Socialization
Masculine <--------------------------------------------------------------Feminine
Boys must be:
Masculine
Aggressive
Tough
Daring
Dominant
Girls must be:
Feminine
Soft
Emotional
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01/09/2011
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Sweet
Submissive
Is spitting in public a gender norm violation for women?
1. Yes
2. No
Is spitting in public a gender norm violation for men?
1. Yes
2. No
Becoming Our Gender
Gender Identity
Achieved status
Master Status
Powerful aspect of self-concept which develops in accordance with the individual’s
gender and the social definitions of that gender within the larger gendered order
Gendered Order
Gendered order: set of structural relations through which people are treated differently
because of their gender
Patriarchy: A system of dominance in which cultural, political and economic structures
have been created by men and are maintained for the benefit of men as a group.
Gender Intensification
Process by which individuals are influenced to hyper-differentiate themselves from the
other gender in terms of appearance and behaviour
Perpetuated by mass media and advertising in pursuit of $$$
Adolescence is key period of this identity manipulation
“Tough Guise”
Effects
1. Gender intensification ill prepares both men and women for the roles that they will later
perform
2. Impossible standards leads to low self-esteem and high dissatisfaction
3. Emphasizes the dominant/submissive nature of the male/female relationship and
perpetuates gender inequality
Gender Stereotypes
Do You Believe There are Profound Differences Between Men and Women?
1. Yes
2. No
Gender Stereotypes
Stereotype
Occurs when people believe others possess certain characteristics simply as a result of
being a member of a particular group
Gender Stereotypes
Attributing certain characteristics to others simply on the basis of whether they are male
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