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Lecture 6

Sociology 1025A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Restorative Justice, Social Control, Formal System

Course Code
SOC 1025A/B
Lauren Barr

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Social Control
We are all participants in social control, which is directed at unacceptable (deviant) acts
Social control may be :
-formal or informal
-retroactive or preventative
-directed at others or directed by ourselves
Ask yourself: How have you learned what to do and not do in different social situations? Did someone tell
you directly how to behave, or did you learn by another way?
Conception of Crime and Deviance
All known human societies have norms (e.g. generally accepted ways of doing things) about
appropriate behaviour
Deviance involves breaking a norm
-At the formal level, norms are enforced with laws regulated by a criminal justice system that includes police,
courts, prisons, etc
-At the informal level, norms may be enforced with shaming, communal pressure, etc
Crime involves breaking the law
Violation of Norms and Social Control
Norms: shared expectations of behaviour
-Abnormal behaviours violate a norm
Formal Social Control:
-Crime: behaviours recognized by the state as serious antisocial behaviour
Informal Social Control:
-Not all deviant behaviours are criminal
As a Continuum...
Deviance and Crime are not always the same thing
There are many examples of deviance in everyday life
One of the biggest interests is Extreme Deviance/ Crime
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