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Lecture 19

Sociology 2140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Northern Canada, Earth University, David Suzuki

Course Code
SOC 2140
Gale Cassidy

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March 19, 2018
Sociology 2140
Lecture 19 - Environmental Problems
Depends on where you are in the world, if you are in an industrialized country, if it is still developing, etc.
Video: Globalization, the good, the bad, the ugly:
- Economic, environmental, societal and political issues are considered
- Avg. price of a telephone call from New York to London UK has decreased by 99% since 1930
- Air freight costs have dropped 88%
- More industrialized countries remove import tariffs, quotas and bans to make trade between
countries easier
- International exports have increased 30 fold in the last few years
- MWorld – How western culture becomes dominant and takes away from others cultures
- Newly industrialized countries in south Asia gain an advantage from globalization
- Local production facilities are over powered by the newly industrialized countries and they become
undervalued and under imported/exported
- Globalization presents new opportunities and new challenges
- The industrialized countries are taking advantage of other countries around the world
- Women that are living in Northern Canada have been found to have polluted or toxic breast milk
thought that other countries are buying banned pesticides to use on their farms which has run off
into the water and such, and the fish are eating the toxins through plans and then now have toxic
contents and the women and families are eating them and getting sick
Has been called a double edged sword
Globalization offers both the prospects of great benefits
- But these benefits are often overshadowed by the human costs and consequences
Transnational corporations:
- Based in an affluent country with international branches, networks, productions or affiliations
- Places like the US, Canada, etc.
- Reach markets world wide
- Amount for about 1/4 of total global output they take over
- Places like Walmart, Superstore, etc.
- Accounted for about 1/2 of the top 100 economies by the end of the 90s
We buy, who pays?
Video looking at where products are made, how much the companies are paying their workers, compared
to how much they are selling the product in the industrialized country
More than 1/3 of our clothes or items are made in third world countries
15 hour days are not unusual for women working in the garment and clothing industry
Many different parts of a shoe come from many different parts of the world
- The people that work in these industries to make the hide from shoes do not wear sufficient
protective gear and have developed skin conditions and diseases
- Most shoe factories comprise of young, uneducated women
H&M has tried to impose rules and regulations, but all this has done is given them somewhat better
lighting and ventilation, but has not fixed the working hours
Workers are constantly working overtime and not being paid
They have to work up to 90 hours a week to support themselves and their families and because of this,
children cannot go to school because they need to work to help their family
Sub-contractors are where textiles are made and where child labor is still seen
In some factories with all child labor, their supervisors do not let their young female workers drink water
eause they oly hae  toilet for oer  people, so they do’t at the drikig ater eause
then they will have to pee
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