A pattern of behavior (e. g. ) violence that people believe warrants public concern and collective action to bring about change (this is what sociologists study) Sociology: the discipline that engages systematic study of human society and social interaction. Society: a large # of individuals who share the same territory and are subject to the same political authority and dominant culture experience. They are seen as less valuable, undervalued by our social structure. Women are generally more likely to be violated by someone close to us than a stranger. Ex: rights guaranteed by the charter and discrimination: actions or practices of the dominant group members that have harmful effects on members of the subordinate groups. The discrimination could be acted out in the form of violence ex: hate crime, an act of violence motivated by prejudice against people on the basis of racialized identity, religion, gender, or sexual orientation. To understand social forces that shape our lives on personal and societal levels.