Race: transmitted traits that a society defines as important a socially constructed category of people who share biologically. Racism and ethnic inequality as a social problem. Ethnic group: a category of people who are distinguished by others or themselves on the basis of cultural or nationality characteristics. Racialized group: a category of people who have been singled out, by others or themselves, as inferior or superior, on the basis of subjectively selected physical characteristics like skin colour or eye shape. Majority (or dominant) group is one that is advantaged and has superior resources and rights in society. Minority (or subordinate group) is one that is disadvantaged, subjected to discrimination, and regards itself as an object of discrimination. Genocide the systematic killing of one category of people by. Segregation the physical and social separation of categories of. Patterns of minority majority interaction another people cultural patterns of the majority population have roughly equal social standing.