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Lecture 7

Sociology 2151 Evolution of Cities - Lecture 7 (William Marshal)

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Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 2151A/B
Professor
William Marshall
Semester
Fall

Description
Sociology 2151- Lecture 6 • Suburb, outside of the city • Rich people lived here, often had two homes. o Used their suburban home to escape the disadvantage of the city o Could concentrate more on family life o Very small segment of society • Not until the industrial revolution is there any significant growth in suburbs • The cities began to be over populated so anyone who could afford it moved out into the suburbs • Homogeneous elitist society lived in suburbs (out along the transportation routes) • WWII comes along…. o Population explodes along transportation lines but it’s not just along the railroads o Paved roads made it possible for people to go anywhere in and around the city U.S. Population Distribution in % Central Suburbs Rural City 1900 21.2 10.7 68 1920 28.9 14.8 56 1940 31.6 19.5 49 1960 33.4 33.3 33.3 2000 30.3 50 19.7 2010 28 54 18 • People go where the jobs are • Industrialization is taking over • Suburbs offered “the good life” o Security/ safety o Schools, shopping o Peace and quiet o Elitist community, people perceived this to be the best place • Baby boom happened (1950’s) o Not a lot of land in the cities so they had to move out into suburbia o VLA – veterans land act  Returning veterans were rewarded for their service with low interest mortgages  Had to have served in the military and had to put it towards property that was .5 acres  Almost no land available in the cities so they had to go to the suburbs to find land big enough to qualify • Exploding population due to immigration (1945-1970) o Located in the older areas near the core o Displaces other people who now move out of the city • Also a time of changing construction techniques o Prior to WWII you had to hire, architect, contractor, designer o Dry wall, invested after WWII, made creation of walls easy o Prefabrication made building houses efficient o Could build houses in an assembly line manner • There are differences between suburbia and the city City Suburbs Transportation Walking/ Mass transit Car Density High Low-moderate Settlement Pattern Centralized Decentralized Land Use Mixed Homogeneous Location of Activities Outdoor/ street Indoor/ private spaces Control of space Public Private • Bennett Berger  the myth of suburbia o Occupied by white-color workers o Females occupy the house during the day because the men are in the city working • Crestwood Heights (book) o Females look to other females for social activities o They hired outside help to fix their problems (plumbers, electricians, mechanics) o Actually Don Mills Ontario (1950’s)  At the time, met the description of what a suburb should be  Ranch style buildings • There are blue-color suburbs o Suburban ring is now becoming more heterogeneous o Not just nuclear families o Lots of different age, race, ethnicity and marital status groups • Cities are growing and expanding into suburbia o Growing into metropolitan areas • CMA (Centro-Metropolitan Cities) o The city and the surrounding areas o 1940s-1950s realized shifts were taking place in the population o SMSA – Standardized Metropolitan Statistical Area o SMA- Standardized Metropolitan Area • Beyond the suburbs were exurbs o People in weren’t that different from people in the suburbs • P. Geddes – “Conurbation”
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