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Lecture 3

Sociology 2151 Evolution of Cities - Lecture 3 (William Marshal)

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Sociology 2151A/B
William Marshall

Sociology 2151- Lecture 7 World Population Facts • 2008 – 50% “Urban” • > 14 Million Settlements o But only 150,000 with populations over 2000 (less than 1%) o 99% of all settlements have populations less than 2000 • UN defines urban as more than 5000 people • Stats Can defines urban as more than 1000 • Less than 2000 people is probably not a city because they won’t have the options that the people living in a large city would have • Population of people living in rural areas as steadily decreased for the last 100 years Canada • 1961 population = 18,2380,000 o Rural/ small town = 6,000,000 o About 33% • 1991 population = 27,300,000 o Rural/ small town = 6,000,000 o About 22% • 2001= 20% • 2006, 31,600,000 = 19% • 2010, 6,000,000/ 34,100,000 = 17.5% • 2013 35,000,000= 19% • Over 50% of migrants in Canada have gone to TO, most migrants go to the big cities • Rural communities tend to be economically homogeneous • Mining towns , mill towns, rail towns, fishing towns, forest/pulp & paper towns, university towns, tourist towns (rural towns) o Very rural, remote o Up north o Far away from any urban areas o Isolated communities o Declining number of railroad towns o Young people (migrants) are normally the ones employed in tourist towns  Usually females o Young males are normally hired in resource extraction communities o University towns tend to be female dominated Resource Extraction Towns • >800 towns in Canada o 15-20% of all communities • 25% of Canada’s non-metropolitan population • 25% of Canada’s rural workers • 60% of Canadians live in census metropolitan areas • There are new ones being built and there are a lot across Canada • Canada’s economy is dependent on these resources • Very different from other small towns o Mostly male dominated o Isolated from metropolitan centers o Constructed mainly by a single employer that has mining rights o Depends on the world market price of resource o Feel dependant on the outside communities for their livelihood (they need the demand for their resource otherwise the town will shut down, ghost town) Evolution of resource extraction communities • Edward mccain 1. “Construction” – BOOM Phase • In order to make money off of the resource you need investors, you need workers, a place for the workers to live (a town), construct the resource extraction facility • Need thousands of people working for you in order to make a viable resource extraction company • Work long days but make a lot of money • Use their minimal down time to drink, gamble, and pay for prostitutes • 10 men to every 1 females • Short term pain for long term gains (lots of turnover because people don’t stick around very long) • Isolated existence, lots of social problems • Limited civilization (roads, buildings) 2. “Recruitment” • Need experts for certain activities o Dr
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