Class Notes (808,754)
Canada (493,378)
Sociology (3,132)
Lecture 10

Sociology 2151 Evolution of Cities - Lecture 10 (William Marshal)

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
Sociology 2151A/B
William Marshall

Sociology 2151- Lecture 8 • Much of the third world is rural, agrarian lifestyle, subsistence culture • Many of the cities of the third world had very little impact upon the local population o Established by European as control posts to control the indigenous population o Set up according to European standards o Or Cities in the third world usually served a specific purpose (ex. Religious) • In most cases city life was not normal until the middle of the 1900’s (after WWII) o Populations were growing and expanding • Third world countries are experiencing population demographics, population growth rates are higher than when Americas went through transition o Transfers of technology st  1 world country donate technology and medicine to third world countries  Decreases the mortality rates significantly  Fertility rates increase a bit and then slowly start to decrease st • People in the third world cannot just decide to leave their country and migrate to 1 world countries o Canada lets in around 200,000 people in every year o Usually a max. of 20,000 from Africa o Canada’s immigration system is based on a point system • Third world citizens cannot leave their country easily so they migrate into the cities o Usually the capital city or the largest city attracts the most people o Some have been kicked off of their land so they have nowhere else to go o City population increasing steadily through internal migration o Not enough jobs for everyone their  Standard of life deteriorating • At some point around 1800, after untold millennia of human history, global population reached its first billion. The world’s population now grows by 1 billion about every 12 years. • Least developed countries have the fastest population growth o We lowered their mortality rate but fertility rates are still high (population explosion) • In 1950 there was only 1 super city (NY), 1975 there were 5 (all developed), 2001 17 cities (6 developed), 2015 21 cities (6 developed) • In Lagos only 1/3 of the population has access to safe drinking water • Not enough water, jobs, sanitation resources for these type of cities and they’re population o They’re over urbanized (over urbanization) o Populations are continuing to grow, conditions will continue to get worse • By 2050 only one of the highest populous countries will be developed (USA) • Youngest countries are mostly African (44-50% of population is under the age of 15) o A lot of dependants
More Less

Related notes for Sociology 2151A/B

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.