Class Notes (839,376)
Canada (511,314)
Sociology (3,307)
Ryan Broll (12)

Linking Theory and Research

7 Pages

Course Code
Sociology 2206A/B
Ryan Broll

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 7 pages of the document.
Lecture 2Jan 16 2012 Linking Theory and ResearchTheory in social research y The backbone of the social sciences y Researchers combine a way of thinking about the operations of the social world theory with what they observe about it dataHow social theories work y They explain recurring patterns not unique or onetime events y They are explanations for aggregates not for specific individuals y They state a probability chance or tendency for something to occur not an absolute causal relationshipWhat is theory y A system of interconnected abstractions or ideas that condenses and organizes knowledge about the social world y Social theorists create explanations about the workings of society and the interactions between members of social groups y Social theorists create explanations about the workings of society and the interactions between members of social groups o Classical theorists ex Marx Durkheim Weber provided foundation for our understanding of the social worldThe value of theories y Almost all research involves some theory o Not whether you use theory but how you use it y Not outside of research many people use theories without making them elicit o However often less systematic less well formulated and more difficult to test with empirical evidenceParts of a theory y Concepts o Ideas expressed as symbols or in words o Social theory requires concepts to be well defined which helps link theory with research o Concept clustersinterconnected groups of concepts that share common assumptions o Variables are concepts that take on a range of values quantities or amount o Classifications can be used to organize concepts y Assumptions o Unobservable and untestable statements about the nature of things o Often hidden or unstated y Relationships o Theories should specify how concepts relate to one another or if they are related at all and why this relationship exists or notis when a researcher empirically tests or evaluates a relationship o A hypothesiso Confirmed hypothesispropositionsAspects of a theory y To simply our understanding of a theory we can categorize it by 1 The direction of its reasoning 2 The level of social reality that it explains 3 The form of explanations it employs 4 The overall framework of assumptions and concepts in which it is embedded
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.