Sociology 2233 Lecture Notes - Social Proof, Self-Justification, Complement Factor B

13 views2 pages
28 Mar 2012
Department
Unit 14: Obedience
Obedience
Conformity in response to the commands of authority figures
Under strong social pressure, individuals will conform to authority, even when this means doing
something immoral
For example:
o Soldiers in WW2 followed the behaviour of others, who make killing seem like the right thing to
do (informational influence)
o Some wanted to avoid rejection from their peers (normative social influence)
o Soldiers obeyed authority figures (social norm), without questioning their actions
Milgrams Study of Obedience
Watch the Video
o Did participants obey?
o Did any participants give the maximum shock (50/100 participants)
o Did any of the participants stop the experiment when they heard the other person’s cries of
distress?
Experimental Methods
Milgram’s studies are an excellent example of the experimental method
Psychological realism: how real the study felt to the participants
o Everyone believed the study (effects of punishment on learning)
o Ability of the study to examine the effect of authority
Mundane realism: the extent that the experiment is similar to everyday life
o Not a good example
o Need to obey certain authorities on a daily basis but not to this extreme
Experimenter effects
o Said the same things to each participant must continue, etc.
Randomization
o Different age range and educational backgrounds
o Mostly men but some women as well
Design and causality
o 3x more likely to shock when experimenter was present
o Legitimacy of authority figure increased likelihood of shocks
Obedience
Milgram’s classic studies (1874) of obedience showed:
o 62.5% of participants obeyed to deliver the 450v shock, the maximum amount
o 80% continues giving them shocks even after they hear the receiver of shock screaming “Let me
out of here! My heart’s mothering me” (150v)
Reliability and Validity: Replicating Milgram
Would people still obey today?
Jerry Burger conducted a partial replication of Milgram’s obedience studies
70% of the base condition participants continued with the next time on the test
A few procedural changes should have made it easier for the participants to resist authority
Ex: the participants were told explicitly and repeatedly that they could leave the study at any time and
still keep their $50
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.