Sociology 2234E Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Symbolic Interactionism, Noxious Stimulus, Behaviorism

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Published on 27 Jan 2013
Department
Lecture 4
- 6 questions as an orienting logic template
- psychoanalytic thing inside emotions and drives you don’t understand - attempts to unlock
‘the hidden you’
Theory 2: Behaviourism
- 3 underlying assumptions:
- assumes the principle of behaviourism makes an assumption about a methodological
principle doesn’t care about interior – BEHAVIOUR ONLY
1. assumes reasonable to restrict study of humans to the study of their behaviour
anything observable
2. assumes hedonism does things in order to get pleasure doesn’t tell you what the
objects are you avoid noxious stimuli (things that are painful) pleasurable
teaches us, enable us to learn, pain = extinguish/do not engage
3. associationism biogenetic makeup humans have brain capacity to associate
things that are approximate to one another
- these assumptions explain why we do what we do
- looks to objects to explain what we do
- if behaviourist wants to know why, he must consider 2 things:
o knowledge of relevant objects
o understand nature of contact with them reinforcement schedule
- how relationship to objects reinforces what we do
- Source of data
o observable behaviour
o knowledge of relevant reinforcement schedule
reinforce can lose value if constantly given
o an object per say does not constitute reinforcement
o the ability to reinforce/influence behaviour the stimulus makes it positive or negative
- Motivation
o stems from drives or inner needs states
drive deprivation/satiation
- Conscious
o doesn’t take too seriously
o some will admit something is going on in the mind and some will admit we are aware of
it
o interiorized prior learned stimulus and responses
o no importance to it
- Unconscious
o ignores it
o constitutes things that influence you behaviour without you knowing
o unknown reinforcement schedules
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