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Lecture

Sociology 2240E Lecture Notes - Nomothetic, Takers, Operationalization


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 2240E
Professor
Charles Levine

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Wednesday October 3, 2012
Lecture 3
Folkwisdom (common
sense)
Religion
Philosophy
History
Not tested
Reliance on first and
final causes. Logic based
on an assurance of a
prime cause (God)
Interested in truth case
based on coherence. It
is analytical- concerned
with the tightness of
logic and making sense-
the sense it is making is
determined by the
parameters by its own
logic.
Historian is interested
in pieces of time that
happened because
we’ve written about
them. It is idiographic- a
concern with the
specific
Sociology: it requires
empirical confirmation
Sociology: it is non-
logical, it is based on
faith not logic. It
doesn’t hold up to
logical inquiry. If
someone does try to
make it logic it becomes
circular. Sociologists are
not interested in first
causes/essences but
relationships between
variables.
Sociology: sociology
insisted on being
synthetic and analytical.
Any work or logical
argument must be
linked to evidence
outside of that
argument.
Sociology: sociology
would be concerned
with more general ideas
than a specific event.
They will use specific
events are proof. They
are interested in the
nomothetic-
generalizable.
- Sociology differentiates itself from the rest of them because it looks at empirical confirmation
- Sociology is interested in general trends among things.
- It is very concerned with science- synthetic, empirical, relationships
Science:
- What is science?
- Science isn’t a thing but an activity
- It has four moments: theory, hypothesis, observations, empirical generalization
- Sociologists use empirical generalization instead of law because you cannot say that this is the
absolute/final answer
- You can start at any point, but have to go clockwise
- Circle: Theory- hypothesis- observations- empirical generalization- theory
- Hypothesis- is a prediction about a relationship among two or more variables
- It is not just a prediction- it is a certain kind of prediction- it stresses the relationship between
two variables
- Observation: perceiving something
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