Sociology 2240E Lecture Notes - Nerd, Analgesic, Dialectic

10 views3 pages
16 Nov 2012
Department
Marx
Lecture 3
Industrial Revolution
- During the 1780s-1820s, Britain and then Europe went through a period of
huge technological and social change
- The rise of mechanization
- Made mass-production possible
- Had competition of mass-production globally (ex. Russian vs. American)
- Small workshops and workers were quickly put out of business by the new
industrialists
oAs a result, people became factory workers
Background to Marx
- Born in Trier, Germany, to an (ex-)Jewish middle-class family
oIn Germany Jewish people were banned from getting any prestigious
job so his father converted to Lutheran Protestantism, becoming an
attorney
- He left for university but was booted out a year later for basically being a
badass sex, fighting, all that fun stuff
- He left to the same university that Hegel attended
oThere he got interested in philosophy and there he read about Hegel
oMarx was only 19 at the time
- He was a journalist for a newspaper in Cologne
oHe lost his job for supporting workers
oHe was fired because of the secret police
- Basically Marx was an academic but also a badass and not a nerd
Marx’s Refutation of Hegel
- Marx argues that it is not thought that creates the world, but it is the world that
creates thought
- What is thought in a social/human world?
oDoes it make the abstract real, or is it the real made abstract?
oWhat kind of power does thought have?
- How can thought be valid if our minds are biased by our society?
oOur world isn’t free from pressure and it’s a mistake to think this way
Marx contra Hegel on ‘reality’
- Hegel says that the idea is a guiding force and an explanation for the social
world
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.