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Lecture

Week 12 Lecture

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Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 2253A/B
Professor
Jennifer Silcox
Semester
Fall

Description
Week 12: Crime Prevention Nothing Works? -Not quite!  1974: Robert Martinson asserts that “nothing works” with crime control  This “nothing works” mantra became popular with those opposed to rehabilitation  Although proponents of this type of sentiment still exist, much of our social science research points to the effectiveness of prevention as being a key aspect of crime control in our society.  Prevention might be more effective than he initially gave credit to  Crime Prevention  Crime prevention: any pre-emptive intervention intended to block or reduce the risk of a criminal act occurring or the onset of criminal behaviour within an individual.  Crime prevention should be “considered the fourth pillar of crime reduction, alongside the institutions of police, courts, and corrections.”  Focuses on preventing crime before it occurs  Distinguished from criminal justice system through its proactive approach (chapter 1: proactive policing)  Central role played by citizens and community to make responsible the communities as well as the citizens to prevent crime before it occurs  We might see things like whether or not we have social programming for youth or those who can’t provide food for their families, etc.  Provide enough food and shelter for people struggling so their youth doesn’t get in trouble with the law later is an example Crime Prevention vs. Criminal Justice  Traditional “cops, courts, and corrections” approach is insufficient to control/deter crime.  Crime prevention is contrary to the CJS approach.  Proactive: as opposed to reactive; proactive policing  Flexible: strategies are more vast  Makes citizens responsible: for crime control and prevention of crime; regular citizens responsible in a sense that put all the emphasis to put all the work onto police to prevent crime  Informal emphasis: as opposed to formal; reducing opportunity for crime to occur  If many populations aren’t deterred from crime than focusing on cop control would not be efficient  Crime Prevention  Proactive Crime Prevention Efforts  A “Problem-Oriented” approach; provide intervention for problem being addressed, try to find interventions or solutions  The Central Role of Private Actors and Partnerships (bottom-up approach): you have citizens helping to maintain order; some level of responsibility for citizens in our society such as NGOs or religious institutions  Informal Social Control: reinforcing in
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