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Lecture 19

Sociology 2259 Lecture 19: Homelessness and Mental Health


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 2259
Professor
Lauren Barr
Lecture
19

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Monday, February 26th, 2018 — Homelessness and Mental Health
abuse and neglect and the 2 major reasons youth move home (70% suffered physical, sexual,
or emotional abuse)
50% of homeless youth come from middle- to upper-class families
homeless youth are generally around 15yrs old and 64% are male
photo voice (research method)
photographs are used to help focus responses to particular ideas, connect the world of the
researcher and researched, create richer data, and act as a means to help enhance
memory
literature suggests that the value of photos in sociological research lies in their ability to
create and support meaning-making
steps:
recruit participants
orient people to the experiment
assign the task specifically
review photos with participants individually or collectively
write analysis based on research question
take analysis back to participants
refine analysis based on feedback
SHOWeD is a framework developed by Wang
what do you See here?
what is really Happening here?
how does this relate to Our lives?
Why does this situation, concern, or strength exist?
what can we Do about it?
people with mental disorders are though of as they are their disease (e.g. you dont call
somebody with cancer “a cancer” but you do called people “a schizophrenic”)
mental disorders are alterations in thinking, mood, or behaviour associated with significant
distress and impaired functioning
20% of Canadians have experienced a mental illness and 80% know someone with one
WHO found that 25% of the worlds population has a mental disorder
mental disorder prevalence is equal among genders
women are more likely to have depression or anxiety
men are more likely to have antisocial personality disorder, substance abuse disorder, or
conduct disorder
people with mental illness often live in chronic poverty and poverty can be a significant risk
factor for poor physical and mental health
the relationship between poverty and mental health with both straightforward and complex so
understanding the broader context is key
rates of mental illness is highest among low SES (social causation vs. social selection
hypotheses) and adolescents/young adults (biology + identity formation + stress)
individual/family costs of mental illness come from education, employment, income, family
instability, and physical illness
societal costs of mental illness come from health care expenses, absence from work, lost tax
revenues, and criminalization
research consistently shows that the mentally ill are more likely to be arrested for a minor
criminal offence than a non-ill person (e.g. causing a disturbance/mischief, minot theft, failure
to appear in court)
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