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Lecture 14

Sociology 2259 Lecture 14: Youth Then and Now

Course Code
SOC 2259
Lauren Barr

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Monday, January 15th, 2018 — Youth Then and Now
a subculture is a group of people within a culture that differentiates itself from the larger
culture to which is belongs
the study of subcultures often consists of the study of symbolism attached to clothing,
music, and other visible affectations by members of subcultures as well as the ways in which
these same symbols are interpreted by members of the dominant culture
learning techniques and motives, bonds, self-control, structural inequalities and access to
legitimate or illegitimate opportunities. and role models leads to deviance
gangs have been classically viewed as a by-product of social disorganization and the
weakness of traditional institutions
Thrasher believed gangs weren’t about race but rather space as people believed that the
industrial economy and American Dream would assimilate all ethnic groups and dissolve the
gangs but that didn’t happen
gangs offer material incentives, recreation, a place of refuge/camouflage, physical
protection, time to resist, and commitment to the community
media portrayals of gangs view them as a new and growing problem that’s out of control
although their portrayals are radicalized
the media, politicians, law enforcement, and the gangs themselves benefit from moral
panics about gangs
there’s multiple levels and locations of controlling youth crime and gangs which focus on
what age someone can be to be tried
what sentence is appropriate for which crime at which age
who is responsible for a youth committing a crime
what is the end goal of incarcerating/sentencing youth for crimes
Chambliss’ experiment on 2 high school gangs found that the social class had a lot to do
with the public’s perception of them and their acts of deviance and that a deviant label can
become a self-fulfilling prophecy
10% of girls and 8% of boys smoke
causes of youth smoking are friends/peer pressure and family
most common age to start smoking is 11 - 13yrs old, 80% f adult smokers started before
18yrs old and 90% started before leaving their teens
tobacco use is controlled via legislation targeting underage smokers, advertising restrictions,
and household “bans” on smoking
most common drug among youth is marijuana
38% of 15yr olds have tried it
51% of university students have tried it but fewer use it regularly
cannabis use among youth has been declining but is about 2.5 times higher than that
of adults
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