Sociology 2266A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Summary Offence, Preliminary Hearing, Jury Trial

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Criminologists focus on:
- The factors influencing criminal motivation
- The circumstances leading up to the act
- The consequences
- How laws change over time
- How society responds to these changes
- How the criminal justice system responds to these reactions
Criminology is built on three foundations:
- Theory, research, concepts
Deviance
- Deviant behaviour:
oViolates social norms
oIs subject to social control
oNot all crime is deviant (weed)
oNot all deviance is criminal (bystander apathy)
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John Hagan’s typology of deviance:
- Evaluation of harm
oVery harmful, somewhat harmful, not very harmful
- Agreement about the norm
oStrong agreement, strong disagreement, confusion or apathy
- Severity of societal response
oVery severe, moderate, mild
Types of crime and deviance
- Consensus crimes: murder, rape, robbery
- Social deviations: Alcoholism, bisexuality
- Conflict crimes: porn, prostitution, drugs
- Social diversions: body piercing, cross-dressing
Lecture 2
Criminal law: Individual victim seeks compensation for personal harm caused by another. Eg
trespass, assault, libel, slander
Civil law: all law expect criminal. Eg: property law, contract law, tort law.
Missing:
- Slide 1:
o___ offence
oMay result in fines and imprisonment
oThe ________ initiates action
oFines go to the state
oGuilt is “____________”
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- Think it might separate here
o__ wrong
oFinancial compensation only
o___ initiates action
oBoth parties may appeal
oVictim receives compensation
oGuilt is based on
- Slide 2 (criminal law in Canada)
oUneven development of law enforcement
Eg Hudson’s bay company, circuit judges, military
oBritish common law source of law in Canada
oUnder BNA act (1867) ______ government can make criminal law; but _____--
enforce the law
oPolice of Canada Act (1868)
oCriminal code of Canada (1892)
___________
- Slide 3 (legal definition of crime)
o____ (actual behaviour)
o_____ (the criminal intent)
o_______
Doesn’t require intent
- Slide 4 (classification of law)
oMala in Se
____________
_______ crimes
Reflect ___________
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