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Lecture 1

Sociology 2267A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Toronto Sun, Toronto Star, Juvenile Delinquency

Course Code
SOC 2267A/B

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A Review in sociological Thinking
A Review….
Sociology: Is defined as the “systematic study of human society”
Criminology: Is defined as the “systematic study of the nature, extent, management, control,
consequences, and prevention of criminal behaviour”
Sociological perspective
“seeing the general in the particular” (Peter Berger, 1963)
Sociology and criminology help us identify general patterns in the behaviour of particular
Incorporating this perspective allows us to “see” how “general” social structures and forces
shape the “particular” behaviours of individuals
Sociology would challenge the idea that we all act on our free will
Why do we care about young people?
Children and youth under the age of 20 represent almost 1 in 4 people in the Canadian
48% of Aboriginal people are less than 25 years old (compared to 31% for non-Aboriginal
Unemployment rates are highest among youth 15-24 (15% compared to the 7% for adults
aged 25-54)
10-20% of Canadian youth are affected by a mental illness or disorder
Youth transitions
Youth also experience a number of transitions and changes:
Public to high school
Highschool to employment
High school-post- secondary
Post-secondary to employment
Leaving home
there are many things that make these transitions harder for youth
i.e lack of parental guidance
why The Decrease (in youth Crimes)?
Police force strategies
Crime reporting
Changes in legislation/policy
Changes in socioeconomic status
changes in youth demographics
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