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Manifesto of the Communist party.docx

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Sociology 2270A/B
Scott Schaffer

Manifesto of the Communist party 1848Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels Communism is already acknowledged by all European Powers to be itself a powerhigh time Communalists should openly in fact of whole world publish their views their aims their tendencies and meet this nursery tale of Spectre of Communism with a Manifesto of party itselfBourgeois and Proletarianshistory of all hitherto existing society is history of class strugglesfreeman and slave in a word oppressor and oppressed stood in constant opposition to another carried on an uninterrupted now hidden now open fight a fight that each time ended either in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large or in common ruin of contending classesIn earlier epochs of history we find almost everywhere a complicated arrangement of society into various orders a manifold gradation of social rankancient Rome we have patricians knights plebeians slavesclasses again subordinate gradations modern bourgeois society established new classes new conditions of oppression new forms of struggle in place of old ones epoch a of bourgeoisie possesses simplified class antagonismsSociety as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile campsbourgeoisie and Proletariat EastIndian and Chinese markets America trade with colonies increase in means of exchange and in commodities generally gave to commerce to navigation to industry an impulse never before known and thereby to revolutionary element in tottering feudal society a rapid developmentmanufacturing system took its place The guildmasters were pushed on one side by manufacturing middle class division of labour between different corporate guilds vanished in face of division of labour in each single workshopmarkets kept ever growing demand ever risingsteam and machinery revolutionised industrial productionModern industry has established world market for which discovery of America paved way immense development to commerce to navigation to communication by landThis development has same proportion bourgeoisie developed increased its capital and pushed into background every class handed down from Middle Agesseries of revolutions in modes of production and of exchange accompanied by a corresponding political advance of that classbourgeoisie has at last since establishment of modern Industry of world market conquered for itself in modern representative State exclusive political swaybourgeoisie has put an end to all feudal patriarchal idyllically retaliation torn asunder motpley feudal ties that bound man to his natural superiors and has left remaining no other nexus between man and man than naked selfinterest than callous cash paymentfor exploitation veiled by religious an and political illusions it has substituted naked shameless direct brutal exploitationstripped of its halo every occupation hitherto honoured and looked up to with reverent awe It has converted physician lawyer priest poet man of science into its paid wagelabourers bourgeoisie has torn away from the family reduced the family relation to a mere money relationbourgeoisie cannot exist without constantly revolutionising the instruments of production and thereby the relations of production and with them the whole relations of society Constant revolutionising of production uninterrupted disturbance of all social conditions everlasting uncertainty and agitation distinguish the bourgeois epoch from all earlier ones man is at last compelled to face with sober senses his real conditions of life and his relations with his kind bourgeoisie has through its exploitation of the world market given a cosmopolitan character to production and consumption in every country
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