Class Notes (834,936)
Canada (508,830)
Sociology (3,230)
Kim Shuey (13)

Lecture 5: Gender, Employment, and Health

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Sociology 3308F/G
Kim Shuey

Lecture 5 Research Traditions Studying Work and Psychological Well-being  Job characteristics  Labor market studies  Other social roles  Social structure o Relationship between one’s position in social structure and their well-being Occupational Segregation by Gender  Full integration: men and women being distributed equally across jobs o Research talks about how many employed men would have to change jobs in order to achieve full integration  1980: about 60% of employed men would have had to change jobs for integration to be achieved  Went down to 52% in the 2000’s o Better but still not close to full integration  Occupational segregation affects unequal distribution of economic and social rewards o The distribution of income, benefits, prestige o Women concentrated in jobs that have a number of characteristics that are more detrimental to health – in terms of authority, pay, etc. o Job segregation so present – how this affects health Gender, Employment, and Health  Women have longer life expectancy than men, but…  Women experience higher rates of morbidity and disability than men (mainly towards the end of life)  Why? How does employment differences contribute to this? Employment Differences Between Men and Women  Hazardous occupations o Men are more likely to work in hazardous occupations - greater risk of injury and death o Occupational hazards are responsible for a small portion of the difference in life expectancy between the genders and doesn’t mention chronic conditions of mental health (not a good explanation)  Work relation distress o Women experience a higher level of stress associated with work as one potential explanation in overall health and chronic conditions – link between stress and chronic conditions Gender Difference in Job Stress: Comparing Employed Men and Women  Differential exposure hypothesis: women have a greater exposure to stress associated with work o Women more associated with jobs that have stressful characteristics (occupational segregation)  Greater exposure to low pay, job security, stability, more part-time/contract work, work in smaller organizations (less secure) o Differential vulnerability hypothesis: women react differently to the material, behavioural, and psychosocial conditions of work  Responding differently to work and experiencing the same conditions as more stressful than men would in those same conditions  Caused the multiple demands of women’s time – balancing work and family Roxburgh Reading  Testing exposure versus vulnerability in terms of women’s greater distress  Her questions to test these 2 hypothesis:  Exposure: are women exposed to higher levels of job stress, and does this explain women’s higher levels of distress (depression and anxiety)? o Higher job stress =  Higher demands (hours and amount of work)  Lower self-directio
More Less

Related notes for Sociology 3308F/G

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.