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Western University
Sociology 3321F/G

- Social Stratification = social inequality  conflict theorists like political reasons for inequality - Social complexity  Job/occupational complexity  how many distinct occupations are there in society  as society becomes more modern, more jobs  a complex division of labour  division of labour = number of occupations  social differentiation = modern society is more complex  in our world, there are 4000 distinct occupational specialties (some pay more than others)  if postal workers make more than teachers, teachers force the TDSB to pay them more –they want to maintain the historical trend (they were always paid more than postal workers) - those who work in specific occupations will use legitimacy argumence (wtf?) – someone will make more money than you because it’s justified – they have more intelligence, and more education and skills - Natural talent is unevenly distributed – some people score higher/lower than other people - People get jobs probably by networking – you know a friend or family member that has links on jobs (you have approval of someone already working there) - There’s a powerful link between education and income - Gaetano Mosca:  Inequality is inevitable in society  A political system is critical for social order?  Coordination – decision making  If there’s no political system, there will be chaos  You need coordination of people’s behavior and then decision making - Power inequality:  Leaders make decisions – leadership  Leaders have more power than followers  If power differences are inevitable, so are material differences (income, money)  When you have power inequality, you have material inequality - Michelles – The Iron Law of Oligarchy:  A group of people are running society  Leaders may promise change, but inequality and corruption always returns - Lord Actin – Absolute power corrupts absolutely - Those with more power will use that power to exploit others and gain economic advantage - Inequality is inevitable - Cynic  Someone who hates people  People described Maskow as a cynic and a reactionary (conservative) - Maskow used functional theory because it said inequality was inevitable - Stratification = the process by which people are socially ranked based on social characteristics - Over time we get more wealthy - Divide the population into 5 groups (20%)  Top 20% get 40% of the total income  Bottom 20% gets 6% of the total income  Top 20% - people with university degrees  As you go down, you get fewer people with university degrees  Stayed the same from 1951 to 2005 - Social structure  It lasts over time – through generations  Once it gets established in society, it stays around, it is re
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