Sociology 3321F/G Lecture Notes - Diarrhea, Tuberculosis, Homicide

14 views2 pages
1 Feb 2013
Department
Professor

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

Medicine the social institution that involves a society’s organized ways of dealing with sickness and
injury
- Back in 1941, international “health experts” identified three components of health: physical, mental,
and social. As symbolic interactionists stress, health is not an objective matter but, rather, a social
construction that varies from culture to culture.
- The concern of sociologists is not to define “true” health or “true” illness; rather, it is to analyze the
effects that people’s ideas of health and illness have on their lives, and even the ways in which people
determine that they are sick.
Social Epidemiology the study of disease and disability patterns in a population
• One way to see how the physical health of Americans has changed is to compare the leading causes of
death in two time periods. Many of the leading causes of death in 1900 (e.g., Tuberculosis and Diarrhea)
are no longer leading causes of death today. Similarly, some leading causes of death today (e.g., Murder
and Suicide) were not leading causes of death in 1900. These changes indicate that health is not only a
biological event; it is also social, following the contours of social change.
Social Status and Health
• Infant mortality rates are twice as high for disadvantaged groups
- The poorest in America can die from diseases that strike children in countries like the Sudan and
Lebanon
• African Americans are three times more likely to be poor compared to whites
- The poor suffer more disease, missed work, and the effects from addictive behaviors
• Whites can expect to live longer and be in better health
• Poverty also breeds stress and violence
- In 1994, 5,164 African American males died due to black on black homicide
Medicine in the United States
Direct Fee System - The patient pays directly for services provided by the doctor
Private Insurance - In 1999, fewer than half (43 percent) of Americans have health insurance paid for
by a private employer
Public Insurance Programs
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class