Sociology 3357F/G Lecture Notes - Embezzlement

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Lecture Eight November 21, 2013
Social Distribution Opportunity
Distribution of opportunity
Varies by:
oOccupation
oIndustry
Specialized access: a criminal act committed by abusing ones job or profession to gain
specific access to a crime target (Felson, 2002)
Social distribution
Varies by:
oRace
oClass
oGender
Sutherland
Focus:
oRespectability
oStatus
oUpper classes
Weisburd et al. (1991): most white collar crime is middle class crime
Reason for discrepancy
Historical change in work
Old: white collar = high status
New: white collar = clerical and technical
Weisburd et al. (1991): “Pink Collar” jobs
Status and class
Sutherland
Today: related but can be seen as different concepts
Social status: relative
Duncan socioeconomic index:
oScores based on (1) salary, (2) education, and (3) prestige
Duncan socioeconomic index
Scores: 0-99
Examples:
oDoctor: 93
oLawyer: 92
oTruck drivers: 15
oFarm labourers: 6
Social class
“The nature and structural relationships of the occupational position that people hold, not
their standing relative to others.”
Wright’s (1997) class typology:
oOwnership of capital assets
oControl of organizational assets
oPossession of skill or credential assets
Class typology
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