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Lecture

02 13 Lecture Notes - Meow.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 1020
Professor
Balfour
Semester
Winter

Description
Formal control of institutions Self discipline Schools, jails, hospitals Reproducing Order Conduct & values Social stability or exclusions & punishment?  Institutions are not just bricks and cement. It’s the rules & belief systems that oppress the people in it  Sociologists care about what goes on in the walls  Social order and stability are dependent on formalised structures (in developed countries) o We are too “advanced” and our needs & wants are too all consuming and we need a social infrastructure that reflects that. Making Normal: Making Order Individualism, competition, heteronormative Self-Control ID Role selection & performance  Cultural values & norms  Social institutions  Socialisation  Courts, families, schools, religions  There is a way in which values & norms become crystalized and become located in structures o How we understand who we are & what we’re allowed to do is formed by socialisation Family Religion Science (Health) Education Gov’t (Law) Social Institutions  Create order using criteria for inclusion & exclusions o Citizenship scores o IQ scores o GMAT/LSAT score o Blood tests o Vaccine records o Criminal Record Social Detriments of Health o Where you live o Level of education o Income level o Marital status o Environmental degradation o Gender equality o Child poverty Theoretical approaches to study of health and wellness  Functionalism o Sickness must be controlled or managed so that it doesn’t become dysfunctional  Too many young people dying: affects birth rates  Too many people being sick to avoid responsibility & obligation  Too much slack around illness – too inclusive  Having a group of people getting wiped out is bad economically o Sick role  Not held responsible for condition  You are exempt from responsibility  You don’t like being sick  You will rely on experts to get better  Not conforming to these expectations disentitles you to empathy  Conflict o Competition for medical resources  1 and 3 world economic stratification = unequal access to medical treatment  E.g. 7:1000 vs 150:1000 infant deaths  E.g. Aging process versus diarrhea and malnutrition  Social Class & Race o Poorer Canadians live shorter lives or have more chronic disease  Malnutrition, dangerous living conditions, industrial work place accidents o First Nations have shortest life expectancy  Diabetes, violence, poisoning, accidents, infectious disease  Age & Sex Determinants of Health o Women live longer than men; both likely to die of lung & heart disease o Younger men more likely to die from violence, accident and suicide  Masculinity and risk taking behaviour  Women’s Health o Role Strain (negative roles)  Double day  Abusive relationships (financial reasons & protecting their children)
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