Environment Population size & migration
Population size + Population composition = Social relations
Birth rate Migration Age
Infant mortality Immigration Gender
Life expectancy Regionalism Ethnicity
Rural vs. urban Disability
Modernisation + Cultural values
(Medical innovation and advanced education)
(Traditionalism and patriarchy)
- We are having fewer babies, which affects society
- 80% of people are urban, 20% are rural
o Does this mean all policies should be made by those living urban?
- Because of medical advancements, people who would have died 10 or 20 years ago are now
living – we have to adapt both teaching styles and the ways the buildings are built to
- We are a disappearing population – the assumption being that the more educated and
sophisticated we are, the stronger we are… but this has led to a 0 replacement rate, meaning
that the more advanced we are, the less we have sexy times for babies.
- The power is in medical innovation and advanced education, but the people are in traditionalism
Post Industrial Societies
- Canada is an aging and increasingly gendered society
o Women are living longer than men
o Lowest birth rate (among G8 countries)
o Immigration dependency
- Urban design and social policy implications?
- Looking at the population pyramid
o As the baby boomers get older, the younger generation is going to have higher taxes in
order to take care of them.
o People aren’t having children anymore because the cost is so high.
o To create stability: build the base – babies
Population Trends in the Global Context
- High growth south versus low growth north