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Lecture 8

Sociology 1020 Lecture 8: DOMESTIC-VIOLENCE

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Western University
Sociology 1020
Kim Luton

Sociology 1020-002 Set Two Domestic Violence Lecture Domestic Violence Definition: Any use of physical or sexual force, actual or threatened, in an intimate relationship, including emotional/psychological abuse or harassing behavior. Although both women and men can be victims of domestic violence, the overwhelming majority of this violence involves men abusing women. • More women are abused than males, although males do not express it as much • 40% of marriages  children hear violence occurring within the household • 1 in every 3 men will abuse their partner • 6% of men and 7% of women have been sexually abused Intimate Relationships Definition: Include those between the opposite-sex and same-sex partners. These relationships vary in duration and legal formality, and include current and former dating, common-law and married couples. • 7% of dating couples with violence The Dynamics of an Abusive Relationship: “The Cycle of Violence” • Domestic Violence tends to have a cyclical pattern, which means most victims experience domestic assault over and over again • This makes domestic assault critically different from other forms of assault and violence • The cycle of violence may vary in length, but there is three distinct phases to the domestic style • On average, a women is assaulted 35 times before she will report it • These phases are: 1. The Tension Building Phase 2. The Battering Phase 3. The Manipulation Phase The Tension Building Phase • Victim – slapping, shoving or tripping • Psychological abuse increases • Victim – powerless and fearful • Tries to pacify partner and avert a violent incident • Blames herself for not “prevent” assault • Assaulter blames victim for “provoking” assault The Battering Phase • Few minutes to several days • Visible injuries or none at all • Sometim
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