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Sociology Lecture Notes Term #2.docx

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Western University
Sociology 1020
Darlene Balandin

Sociology Lecture Notes Term 2 1 Education Education the social institution through which society provides its members with important knowledgeIt socializes its members with knowledgeForm follows functioninstitutions develop according to economyInstitutions of the school benefit the economic systemyou need reading writing skills and knowledgeType of schooling and education is based on economic systemcapitalism socialism The Functions of SchoolingSchools help with socializationSchooling is a means of social control holding tank for young when labor options are minimalIn Canada integration of culturally diverse people in societySocioeconomic status can improve The Rise of SchoolingCompulsory Education is new in CanadaOriginal goal of education was social controlcontrol violence deviance and crimeOld systemParents are in factories kids would be on the streetsSchools were a mechanism to get kids off the streetBishop Strachan said The effective instruction of Upper Canadian children will result in the comparative emptying of jailsBy 2000 almost 100 of 1417 year olds were enrolled in schoolIn 1890 roughly 5 of kids 1417 were enrolled in school Engagement and Achievement Engagement being psychologically committed to learningA research study by Cote and Alahar at UWO o More and more students are physically there but psychologically absent rd Canada is 3 in the World in reading and writing22 of 28 in high schools for involvement American High School Students School EngagementKids dont think what they are learning is important but they do think the credentials are important Laurence Steinberg Need More Info 1 Focused on what influences students Beyond the Classroom SteinbergBeyond the classroom is a book written in 1993Lack of involvement and motivationBased on over 5 years of research conducted in over 9 different rural urban and suburban communities Q Why are students uninterested in school SteinbergStudents know that credentials are important but dont want to learnStudents believe that success in the labor force is in the number of years in school Ethnic differences in attitudes toward school SteinbergAsianAmerican students perform on average better then white peers who in turn outperform black and Latino peersEthnic differences based on consequences of failing in schoolAsianAmericans mostly believe that there will be negative consequences of doing bad in schoolOther ethnicities were not as scared of consequencesBlack and Latino believed the least of any consequences The Influence of Peers and American student Culture SteinbergContemporary American society pulls teenagers away from schools toward social and recreational pursuitsPeers pressure each other to do badly in schoolStatso 1 in 5 students say that their friends will make fun of them if they do well in school o 50 of students say the never discuss schoolwork with friends The Voice of Peer Pressure SteinbergAsian students have the same view that doing well in school is importantThey are not as interested in social and recreational lifeThe opposite belief is true for Black and Latino students Too Many Parents have Checked OutKey factor in academic successparent involvementOnly about 15 20 of high school parents in America consistently attend school programs and more then 40 never do Low Expectations16 students say that their parents dont care about their marks 2 Parents dont care once they reach a certain agelet them be individualistic and have autonomyParents step away too farMore then 50 of students say they could bring home a C without their parents getting mad The Dangerous Lure of After School EmploymentAfter school employment causes students to do poorly in schoolIt is one of the worst factors attracting youngsters from academicsStudents who work more than 20 hoursweek are o Earning lower grades o Spending less time on homework o Cutting class more often o Cheating more frequently Positive Impacts on EngagementHigh demanding high responsiveness has best effect on children in schoolParents high expectations and high involvement Peers Friends and SchoolIn relation to school the influence of friends is greater than that of parents in some respectsFriends who are involved and committed have a trickle over effect to their peers Problems in the SchoolsRate fairly constant over past 30 yearsDropping out limits life changes in terms of what they can doPush out of high schoolbullying getting into troublePull out of high schooljob opportunity or make money for familyAboriginals have highest drop out rates Who drops outLow socioeconomic status has the highest drop out rateFewer verbal skillsfrom 4 years old poor children have heard 14 million words while children from affluent families have her 45 million wordsParents who are permissive neglectful and have a high drop out ratePersonality traits o Immaturity o Negativism and alienation o AnxietyPeople who have poor peer relations or are being bulliedMoney needs can make someone drop outBeing held back a grade makes you drop outAlienatedpowerless meaningless feelings 3
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