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Chapter 3- intro to soc

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Sociology 1020
Kim Luton

Chapter3Culture Individual behaviour is not random but patterned Culture behaviours that happen with great regularity Something that produces order in social life Anthropologist Edward Tylor defined culture as knowledge belief art morals law custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by a man as a member of societyShared by all or almost all the members of some social group The older members of the group try to pass onto the younger members Shapes behaviour or at least structures perceptions of the world Cultural element anything that is 1 shared in common by the members of some social group 2 is passed on to new members and 3 in some way affects their behaviour or their perceptions of the world Three of the most important elements are values norms and rolesCulture the sum total of all the cultural elements associated with a give social groupValues and Norms Values are shared relatively general beliefs that define what is desirable and what is undesirable they specify general preferencesNorms are relatively precise rules specifying which behaviours are permitted and which prohibited for group membersTo sanction is to communicate in some way disapproval to the deviant membersNorms unlike values tend to be more tightly linked to particular behavioursMost laws in society are indeed social normsFolkways are those norms that do not evoke severe moral condemnation when violated Mores are those norms whose violation does provoke strong moral condemnation mos singular of mores The differentiation between mores and folkways lies i
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