Chapter 3 Culture
CULTURE AS PROBLEM SOLVING AND AS
Culture as Meaning Generator
• The power of culture is that it makes our sensory experiences meaningful.
Culture as Problem Solving
• Culture is the means humans use to solve the challenges of life.
• At the root of culture is solving the problem of meaning.
• Culture: The shared symbols and their definitions that people create to solve real-life
• Symbols:• Symbols are shared.
Material and Non-material Culture
• Material culture:
• Non-material culture:
Three Types of Norms Which Type?
1. Folkways: 2. Mores: 3. Taboos:
Five Common Components
1. Symbols- 2. Language- 3. Values- 4. ______- 5. Norms-
Functionalist Analysis: Culture and Ethnocentrism
• People tend to take their culture for granted. • The ideas, norms, and techniques of other cultures frequently seem odd, irrational,
and even inferior.
CULTURE AS FREEDOM AND CONSTRAINT
• Cultural Relativism:
The Sapir-Whorf Thesis
The Sapir-Whorf Thesis Language and the Sapir-Whorf Thesis
• Sociologists’ claim that language is a cultural invention is disputed by some scientists
who believe language is instinctual, not cultural.
Culture’s Two Faces
Cultural Production and Symbolic Interactionism
• According to symbolic interactionist view, people do not accept culture passively.
• Part of the reason why we are increasingly able to choose how culture influences us is
that there is more to choose from:
• Canada’s culture is becoming increasingly diverse.
Conflict Analysis: The Rights Revolution
• Rights revolution:
• The rights revolution fragments Canadian culture.
From Diversity to Globalization
• One of most important roots of globalization is expansion of international trade and
investment. The Globalization of English
Globalization Adapts Products
Aspects of Postmod