Class Notes (837,613)
Canada (510,370)
Sociology (3,254)

Levines Template Lecture #1

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Sociology 2240E
Charles Levine

Sociological Theory September 20th, 2012 Theory template = way of thinking - theorist • this template involves 6/7 questions any theorist has to answer if they are going to write sociological theory • answers are deep cognitive structures • questions are tied to deep ways about thinking about the social world • most obvious question = What is Society? • a) social order • b) solidarity - people are internalizing values/morals • c) something that allows us to generate a system • d) construction of culture- transmitted through symbols and the speaking of persons • - equality = our ability to think things belong to the same class/ beaker example • what is an institution? organization + a commitment to certain values, values that presumably influence its organizations ◦ essentially organizations + values • what keeps society together? modes of interdependence , relationships between two things • this view of society is based on biology, need certain parts to function • people who subscribe to it call them selves an organicist - see a system of institutions ◦ explicitly intend to use a biological metaphor to understand society ◦ you are a role, or else you are a deviant, you internalize norms ex classroom • Atomists - is oranicism with one exception = the atomist says that society works like an organism most of the time, under certain circumstances individuals can psychologically distance themselves from the social in order to critically evaluate ◦ interested in two things ■ what are the circumstances that stimulate people to do this ■ and how do they do it ◦ certain circumstances = somethings bugging you, something social is being sensed as being problematic ◦ they find themselves outside of the role they used to play, make themselves an object to their own perception = Reflexivity ◦ the atomist is interested in stimulants that are forceful, that force people to see themselves as objects and starting to make judgements about who they are, look at yourself in a relationship when you are being used • Morality exists when you sense that something is wrong, it is not present all the time ◦ it is only when you sense a dilemma, is when you make a moral judgement about what is right and what is wrong = morality, allows us to differentiate from conformity Question Two : What is human nature? Do we have instincts? What are instincts? • for an instinct to exist it has to be present in every member of the species, has to be immutable, cannot be changed ◦ disposition is a better word for instinct • some theorists claim by human nature we are egocentric/self centred/greedy - not logical to say they are these things by nature ◦ the sociological question is under what circumstances are they these things/ are not these things ◦ cannot say that people are this way because of nature - but you can ask what environments influenced this behaviour ◦ Emile / Sophie - saying Sophie should learn to be a house wife because thats how she is by nature, wollenstencraft says send them both to school lets see who is smart and who is not ◦ Nature vs Nurture ◦ compte is nature ◦ nuture more likely to be nominalist Question Three : How are the relationships among society, culture and individuals understood? • the sociological relevance of the person is understood based on how society bases the roles for us to play • some theorists will say we are
More Less

Related notes for Sociology 2240E

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.