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Lecture

Lecture 3

3 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
Sociology 2240E
Professor
Charles Levine

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Wednesday October 3, 2012 Lecture 3 Folkwisdom (common Religion Philosophy History sense) Not tested Reliance on first and Interested in truth case Historian is interested final causes. Logic based based on coherence. It in pieces of time that on an assurance of a is analytical- concerned happened because prime cause (God) with the tightness of we’ve written about logic and making sense- them. It is idiographic- a the sense it is making is concern with the determined by the specific parameters by its own logic. Sociology: it requires Sociology: it is non- Sociology: sociology Sociology: sociology empirical confirmation logical, it is based on insisted on being would be concerned faith not logic. It synthetic and analytical. with more general ideas doesn’t hold up to Any work or logical than a specific event. logical inquiry. If argument must be They will use specific someone does try to linked to evidence events are proof. They make it logic it becomes outside of that are interested in the circular. Sociologists are argument. nomothetic- not interested in first generalizable. causes/essences but relationships between variables. - Sociology differentiates itself from the rest of them because it looks at empirical confirmation - Sociology is interested in general trends among things. - It is very concerned with science- synthetic, empirical, relationships Science: - What is science? - Science isn’t a thing but an activity - It has four moments: theory, hypothesis, observations, empirical generalization - Sociologists use empirical generalization instead of law because you cannot say that this is the absolute/final answer - You can start at any point, but have to go clockwise - Circle: Theory- hypothesis- observations- empirical generalization- theory - Hypothesis- is a prediction about a relationship among two or more variables - It is not just a prediction- it is a certain kind of prediction- it stresses the relationship between two variables - Observation: perceiving something - Empirical Generalization: the documentation of the reliability of hypotheses - It is a reliable result - Theory: one of the jobs of theories is to explain what has been observed - The purpose of the theory is to explain what was observed and on the basis on that explanation predict a future occurrence of something - Can be defined as: logically organized systems of empirical generalization the purpose of which is to explain what was observed in order to predict future instances of something - The circle- the scientific investigation of something must go on, it continues - Can be said that the reason we predict in a theory is so we can i
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