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Durkheim and Suicide

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Western University
Sociology 2240E
Brendan Murphy

Durkheim and Suicide Lecture 7 - Mechanical Division of labour: jack of all trades  master of none  conscience collective creates solidarity  hey man, we are a hive mind - Organic Division of labour: division of labour itself is the source of solidarity  I don’t know how to make shirts, I’m a fucking neuroscientist jesus Christ let me buy a shirt - When a division of labour becomes pathological or skewed o Anomic: lack of control leads to suicide o Forced: division of labour is forced on someone  causes us to lose our sense of belonging in a society  lose sense of social cohesion Why study suicide? - common to all societies - it’s fucking suicide Why is it a sociological issue? - everyone is a part of society, even those weirdos who live in caves hiding from society o because society acts on them - Suicide rates change between different groups (religion, culture), people (men women, old, young), and times (war, poverty) Durkheim’s Research - Rules of sociological method  suicide is an ‘abnormal’ social fact - Durkheim employed a complex and rich methodology o Theoretically  developed new concepts o Methodologically  multivariate analysis o Empirically  collecting large amounts of data Durkheim’s Questions - What is it that leads to suicide when in organic solidarity - Is it to do with o Anomie: rapid pace of social change o Forced division of labour  in the wrong job o Being trapped in certain roles  no choices Social integration - connects individuals to social life - strengthens and reproduces collective existence - is a check against egoism - propels us into social life Social Regulation - limits the actions individuals can take - restricts wants, desires, and abilities Four Types of Suicide - Two bases integration and regulation o Integrated  Egoistic  sitting around alone thinking you’re the shit or thinking you are shit and you kill yourself  Altruistic  if you become way too integrated in a group you lose your sense of self o Regulation  Anomic  too little regulation leads you to feel normless  old ways of acting and conducting yourself leads to disjoint  Fatalistic  too much regulation leads to no other options  complete control  only option to relieve pain is to kill yourself Egoistic Suicide - Suicide varies inversely with the degree of integration of individuals into; o Religious society  how strong your connected to your faith o Domestic society  what is the connection with civil society  groups you’re interested in  interactions with people o Political society - The less you belong, the more likely you are to kill yourself - “inverse effect” Altruistic Suicide  you lose sense of self and will do things for the group - Obligatory  obligation  in some cultures if you are some old waste of space that just consumes and hinders the group than you’ll just kill yourself o Very romantic  if you’re just hurting a group you die for the group  Write something about this - Optional  a response to a social shamin
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