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Lecture 12

American Studies 2200E Lecture 12: American Studies 2200E Lecture 12

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American Studies
American Studies 2200E
Anna Zuschlag

American Studies 2200E Lecture 12 January 12, 2017 The Growth of Urban Spaces: Chicago Urban Spaces Conceptualized as something that represents progress, civilization, advancement Also critiqued as the source of all evils in the United States at the turn of the century 1890s: United States in the midst of the second industrial revolution Consequences of the revolution starting to show up Transformed the American economy and society forever 18701920: The American urban population grows from 10 million to 54 million The last time ever that farms and cities grow at the same rate Booming consumerist culture growing By 1910 the United States had 21 cities with over 100,000 people Chicago Started as a Native American settlement Is absorbed and becomes and English White American settlement The gateway to all the newly acquired Western lands The transfer point for all the farm produce coming back to the east (Livestock) Chicago Stock Yards: After the Civil War, small Stock Yards consolidate into one large yard Changes the way meat is produced and packaged Turned the butchering of animals into a largescale operation Physical work, fast paced, very dangerous, working in dark, unventilated rooms Women and children worked in the meat trimming, canning, sausage making Majority of the workers are immigrants from Eastern Europe Very little government oversight or regulation Stock Yards became tourist attractions (Could go on tours of the yards) Upton Sinclair 1879 1968 Grew up in poverty after the Civil War wiped out his fathers familys assets Spent most of his childhood and teen year living in cheap apartments in New York His mothers family still had money, would be spoiled when he would visit them Experience poverty and wealth (The driving force of his writing) Well educated, went to Columbia University Turned to socialism in 1903 by some local socialists Found that the idea of the push for social justice brought new life to his writing Muck Rakers: Stirring up the dirt and raking up the muck Their writing became the documentation of the progressive movement Wrote about corruption, monopolies, government intervention, corporate greed Sinclair was sent to Chicago to write about the meat packing workers
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