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Lecture 15

American Studies 2200E Lecture 15: American Studies Lecture 15
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Department
American Studies
Course Code
American Studies 2200E
Professor
Anna Zuschlag

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American Studies Lecture 15 February 2 , 2017 The Cold War The Cold War - Begins in 1945 after World War II - The United States returning to normalcy - Americans wanted to revert to isolation (Does not work that way) - American interests deeply intertwined in maintaining a global order - Depended on American economic and political strength - The United States and USSR as competing super powers - Step in to deal with and organize the recovery in war torn Europe - The only two nations with the military strength and ideological confidence (Strong sociological, political and culture tenants) to construct a new world order - American Western style of liberal capitalism Vs. Soviet communism and socialism - The Soviet’s created a buffer zone (Iron Curtain) around Russia - The world was quickly divided into the West and the East - Mass militarization on both sides, initiates a nuclear arms race Winston Churchill’s Iron Curtain Speech - Describes it as the division of geographical and political regions between the United States and the Soviets - The speech used as the moment when the Cold War starts Joseph Stalin’s Speech - Asserts World War II was caused by capitalist imperialism - Claims there will be a World War III caused by this Nuclear Arms Race - Americans and Soviets competing for nuclear supremacy - Mutually Assured Destruction: Doctrine of military strategy and national security policy - A full-scale use of nuclear weapons by two or more opposing sides would cause the complete annihilation of both the attacker and the defender Sputnik 1957 - A Soviet Satellite launched October 4 , 1957 (The world’s first satellite) - Launched by an Intercontinental Ballistics Missile (ICBM) - Soviets the first to put a human made object into Earth’s orbit - Complete surprise to the Americans, have to power to launch powerful missiles - Fear that Russia will be able to launch ICBM’s with nuclear warheads - Sparks an anxiety that the Soviets have surpassed the Americans in innovation - American had a long line of launch failures for their programs Eisenhower Administration (A Cold Warrior) - Believed communism was completely detrimental to Western life - Pleased about Sputnik’s launch - Meant he could put more energy and money into America’s space programs - Wanted to spend federal funds on Cold War top secret projects -
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