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American Studies
American Studies 4420E
Eric Ball

Essay Outline- Rough Draft 1) define and distinguish the dominant ecological world views expressed by the stakeholders in each article (in the mega-quarry article, the stakeholders include the quarry company and the citizens groups opposing it; in the "Law of Mother Earth" article, you should focus on the Bolivian government). For guidance on ecological world views, please see Chapter 21 in your Environment: The Science Behind the Stories textbook. A world view reflects a person's (or groups) beliefs about the meaning, operations and essence of the world • Mega Queries • Stake holders • Quarry company - the stakeholders' worldview consists of profitable economic gains. they see it as an opportunity to create jobs for others, and take a utilitarian perspective and determining what is overall good for everyone, and in this case, the creation and development of new jobs, and large sums of profits. ⁃ also believe the world operates in a corporate way. ⁃ Vested Interest- they have a vested interest to maximize profits, but at the same time are minimizing the importance of preserving the greatest quality land, even if they do say that they intend to develop outside of the greenbelt, they're still digging out 150 million tonnes of land and also using up 600 million litres of our already depleting resources of water, and are also contributing a significant amount of fossil fuels into our earth's atmosphere, by planning goon having 150 40 tonne trucks per hour, 24 hours/ day every day, except statutory holidays. (Goddard, 2) That equals to approximately 52,500 trucks emitting large quantities of fossil fuels and pollution in to the air, in addition to the usage of approximately 3,150,000 litres of gas/ year and this number could be a lot more! So although they may have the temporary interest of constructing outside of the greenbelt, there is no denying that the pollution costs associated with the venture will most certainly travel nationally within a few years, only adding on to a much larger problem of pollution! • citizens groups opposing it. - The citizens opposing the approval of this corporate project have a cultural world view " In assembling its lands, the company bulldozed 30 farmhouses, many dating to the 1800s, along with trees, bush lots and modern storage and processing facility, says rancher Cosack, who is also vice chair of the citizens' group North Dufferin Agricultural and Community Task Force (NDACT)" (Goddard, 2) and again, we see the communities cultural world view " When you start taking out houses where people used to live, people who go to church and go to the hockey arena and who volunteer places- that just gets under the skin of a lot of people" (Goddard, 2). • Economic world view- the Citizens Alliance for a Sustainable Environment questions whether the markets will stay local. there is no guarantee that the market will expand or even relocate internationally, saving costs here, but not developing more, and thus not contributing much to our own economy, and instead only emitting large quantities of pollution, and depleting our nations natural resources. this also boils down to wages? labor? if they relocate, then will our citizens still benefit from jobs? or will they be replaced? as stated " resources are substitutable and interchangeable" ( Withgott, 674) will there be a more innovative and efficient way to replace human capital with machinery? will local canadian employees be replaced with foreign (most likely low-wage employees from countries like China?) Ultimately the citizens are concerned and are questioning the benefits the corporation actually will bring to our economy as a whole. • Law of Mother Earth • focus on the Bolivian Government ⁃ indigenous Andean spiritual world view which places the environment and the earth deity known as the Pachamama at the centre of all life. humans are considered equal to all other entities. also an aboriginal quotes " our grandparents have taught us that we belong to a big family of plants and animals. we believe that everything in the planet forms a part of a big family. we indigenous people can contribute to solving the energy, climate, food and financial crises with our values". (Vidal, 2) ⁃ Biocentrism- is the concept that all living beings are have equal value and that because we are truly inseparable from our environment, we should protect all living things as we would protect ourselves. ⁃ Plato expressed what he considered humans' moral obligation to the environment writing, "the land is our ancestral home and we must cherish it even more than children cherish their mother" (Withgott, 663) ⁃ Deep Ecology- self realization and biocentric equality. they define self realization as the awareness that humans are inseparable from nature and that the air we breathe, the water we drink, and the foods we consume are both products of the environment and integral parts of us. ⁃ Religious and spiritual beliefs also have a huge impact on the cultural world view. ⁃ Political ideology- because the government is very religiously influenced, they play their religion into their policies. As stated there is no opposition party, so automatically the biased religious perspective that influenced the policy will have less of a difficult time passing, than if there were an opposing party. 1) 2) In your essay, you should take care to discuss how each stakeholder group seems to understand and approach sustainability (see Chapter 1 for guidance). What sort of environmental ethic does each seem to espouse or practice? (Chapter 21). What justifications (e.g., ecological, ethical, economic) do they provide for using or preserving natural resources? 2) • Mega query ⁃ Company ⁃ how do they understand and approach sustainability? ⁃ The Highland Companies understand sustainability in the following manner: " The quarry would be ideally situated, the report says, close to markets but outside the Greenbelt and Niagara Escarpment. It wool deserve Ontario's needs for decades, with 90% going to construction in the Greater Golden Horseshoe, and 10 % going to Barrie" (Goddard, 2) ⁃ Therefore, the Highland Cos. does take into consideration the preservation of our gorgeous Greenbelt, the natural beauty our country is so proud of, and they realize that this area is flourishing with natural resources, and for that reason, the company takes into consideration the location at which they intend to construct the developmental project, and contribute this positive consideration factor into their overall vested interest for profitable economic sustainability. Regardless, the mega- quarry is still a very harmful project to the natural environment, not to mention, a barrier to social sustainability, as this same area can alternatively be utilized for hockey arenas and other beneficial projects for society, which will also create sustainable long term jobs, along with provide the community with working human capital. ⁃ Also, we see form their current use of the land as a potato farm, that they want everything to be local, so that we do not need to import
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