Visual Arts History 1040 Lecture Notes - Roman Magistrate, Veii, Tarquinia

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THE ETRUSCANS
- Central Ital peninsula
- During the early first millennium BCE, the Etruscans emerged as a people with a culture
distinct from those of other Italic peoples and the Greeks
EARLY ETRUSCAN ART
- In the seventh century BCE, traded metals from their mines for foreign goods and began
to produce jewelry and other luxury objects decorated with motifs modeled on those
found on imports from the Near East
- Etruscan kings ruled Rome until 509 BCE
- admired Greek art and architecture but did not copy Greek works
- Fibula with Orientalizing lions, from the Regolini-Galassi Tomb, Cerveteri, Italy, ca.
650640 BCE
- This huge gold pin found with other Orientalizing jewelry in a Cerveteri tomb
combines repoussé and granulation and is the work of an Etruscan artist, but the
lions are Near Eastern motifs
- Model of a typical Etruscan temple, sixth century BCE, as described by Vitruvius
- Similar to Grk but not exactly, platform w/ columns, sculptures on top, axial
entry, one direction
- were made of wood and mud brick, columns and stairs only at the front
- Terracotta statuary on roof
- Apulu (Apollo), from the roof of the Portonaccio temple,Veii, Italy, ca. 510500 BCE
- The Veii Apulu was part of a statuary group depicting a Greek myth.
- Distinctly Etruscan, however, are the god’s vigorous motion and gesticulating
arms and the placement of the statue on a temple roof.
- Sarcophagus with reclining couple, from Cerveteri, Italy, ca. 520 BCE
- Painted terracotta
- Unexpected, speculation about equality btwn sexes (more ‘equal’ than Grk)
- Aerial view of Banditaccia necropolis, Cerveteri, Italy, seventh to second centuries
BCE
- Shit buried in tombs
- Tumuli in the Banditaccia necropolis, Cerveteri, Italy, seventh to second centuries BCE
- Buried several generations of families in multi-chambered rock-cut underground
tombs covered by great earthen mounds (tumuli)
- Interior of the Tomb of the Reliefs, Cerveteri, Italy, third century BCE
- Many painted stucco reliefs
- stools, mirrors, drinking cups, and other items are reminders of the houses of the
living
- Leopards, banqueters, and musicians, detail of mural paintings in the Tomb of the
Leopards, Tarquinia, Italy, ca. 480470 BCE
- Rep everyday life
- Men have dark skin, the women fair skin
- Diving and fishing, detail of a mural painting in the Tomb of Hunting and Fishing,
Tarquinia, Italy, ca. 530520 BCE
- Scenes of young men enjoying the pleasures of nature
- Capitoline Wolf, from Rome, Italy, ca. 500480 BCE
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