3 Pages
Unlock Document

Visual Arts History
Visual Arts History 1040
Cody Barteet

THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST/MESOPOTAMIA - Present day Iraq; ‘land btwn 2 rivers’: Tigris and Euphrates - Rise in civilizations SUMERIANS - first to build towering temple platforms (ziggurats), and place figures in registers to tell coherent stories - White Temple and ziggurat, Uruk (modern Warka), Iraq, ca. 3200–3000 BCE - Mud bricks, temple platforms - White Temple probably dedicated to Anu (sky god) - central hall (cella) with stepped altar where priests await the apparition of the deity - Sumerian Contract, ca. 2600 BCE - Cuneiform (writing); Epic of Gilgamesh - Female Head (Inanna?), Uruk ca. 3200-3000 BCE - Polytheistic - Strong developments in vis arts - Portrait or deity? - Imp things (head) in marble/stone, less imp in other stuff; therefore not preserved - Unibrow incised, suggests inlaid w/ stone/jewels previously - Headdress suggested; pot eyes painted or w/ jewels - Human tendency to make representations of the divine - Worshipers from the Square Temple, Eshnunna Ca. 2700 BCE - Holding hands like in prayer, large eyes (in awe) - Holding container (offering?) - Looking up for ‘divine inspiration’ - Remnants of kids left - Some objects inscribed; becomes stand in for the ind, as offering - Fashion; how presented themselves to public, hair: beards and long hair (male), bound (females) - Presentation of offerings to Inanna (Warka Vase), Uruk Ca. 3200-3000 BCE - Figures, potential class structure - One of earliest narratives, defined in layers, 3 registers dividing into sequence - Crops and animals, people w/ baskets, larger figures (deity) being offered objects - Hierarchal scale (more important -> bigger) (deity biggest, profile) - Deity doesn’t have eyes as big as rest; 3 horns on head signif ‘divine’ - Nude males: lower class, slaves of conquered, sign of humiliation - Standard of Ur, Tomb 779, Royal Cemetery, Ur, Iraq, ca. 2600 BCE - Representation of war and peace - War side: chariots, horses, layered (depth), people injured, captured, heir scale (largest figure breaks above upper register) - Peace: plentiful crops, harvest, no beards - Banquet scene, cylinder seal,tomb of Pu-abi(tomb 800), Royal Cemetery, Ur, Iraq, ca. 2600 BCE - Cuneiform - Fragment of victory stele of Eannatum (Stele of the Vultures), Girsu, Iraq, ca. 2600– 2500 BCE - Cuneiform describe victory of Eannatum of Lagash over city of Umma - This fragment: Eannatum leading army into battle - King larger than soldiers - Bull-headed Lyre, Royal Cemetery, Ur, ca. 2600 BCE - High class; interest in craft of making musical instruments; spn AKKADIANS - Began attacking and conquering other communities, made ppl pay tributes - first Near Eastern rulers to call themselves kings of the world and assume divine attributes - earliest recorded name of author is Akkadian priestess Enheduanna - Head of an Akkadian Ruler, From Nineveh, ca. 2250-2200 BCE - Homage, Sargon - Copper - Rulers and individuals being sculpted, detailed - New materials, textures (using metals) - Headdress: ruler’s crown; eyes gauged out and ears broken (showed lost power) - Victory stele of Naram-Sin, from Susa, Iran, 225
More Less

Related notes for Visual Arts History 1040

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.