3 Pages
Unlock Document

Visual Arts History
Visual Arts History 1040
Cody Barteet

MESOAMERICA - most believe migrated down through Bering strait (land bridge) in ice age - new world defined as lagging behind old world in some developments (biased colonization narratives) - Americas have had shorter human history - ex. Writing starts btwn 1200-400 BCE - no major draft animals, don’t domesticate bison, horses, etc - maize/corn dominant crop - styles of farming varied - deer, howler, and spider monkeys, etc v imp, symbolic - feathers v important - connected culturally in v specific ways (ex calendars, lunar calendar and solar calendar, they run together, cyclical nature of time) - polytheism, idea of underworld and heavenly realm - hieroglyphs - large scale markets - astronomy, ball game, human sacrifice TEOTIHUACAN - in central mexico - Aztec name “place of the gods” - One of largest cities in world, multiethnic (from all over Mesoamerica) (artifacts and shit from other places found) - Unsure who they were (ethnicity, lang, etc) - Almost all site follows construction form: talud-tablero - Militaristic city, controlled practically all of central America - Pyramid of the sun, by 225 CE - One of largest pyramids in Mesoamerica - Step pyramids - Built in subsequent stages and generations - Aligned w/ equinox - Looks like a mntn, slopes upward, rounded top, based on mountain form (many volcanoes in this area, respect assoc w/ them; some works made w/ volcanic stone; get caves from mntns) - Built b/c direct relationship to caves, built on top of cave (natural water supply that comes up through cave), sealed over and only opened once or twice - Assoc w/ cults of particular deities - Market exchange - Market and citadel at centre of city, to express social/political hierarchy over space - Urban centre that imported luxury goods - Also everyday stores and food supplies - Cuidadela: seat of power of site, power granted by force and religion) MAYA - Most famous, considered first great civilization - Know military competition, some actions tied to astronomical movements - Structure 49, tikal - Similar to monuments at teotihuacan (influence, put governors everywhere) - Aerial view of tikal - Jungle areas, rainforest - Situated around temples - Temple 1 - Step pyramid, go up until temple areas (poss ritual place) - Around 160’ tall - Burial temple of Hasaw Chan K’awil (revived tikal after hiatus, reinstituted certain festivals like Katun) - Acoustic elements - Face in upper part, probs images of rulers or deities in elaborate headdresses - Structures w/ 9 levels are burial pyramids (direct assoc w/ idea of underworld; 9 levels of underworld, then 12 levels above human realm; not really heaven and hell concept) - All levels were connected, typically through a tree - Grave offering, burial 116, tikal - Human bone - Rounded and incised w/ figure and pigment - Defeated indv, shown by hieroglyphs; looking down in shame, hands tied, sometimes kneeling, sometimes nude (sign of humility) - Flat foreh
More Less

Related notes for Visual Arts History 1040

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.