Baroque Lecture ArtHistory 1040

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Western University
Visual Arts History
Visual Arts History 1040
Christine Sprengler

Wed, Jan 25, 2012 THE BAROQUE CONT. (Flanders/Northern) Flanders *Catholic –Peter Paul Rubens Rubens 1577-1640 -Travelled widely, visiting all of Italy (painting and sculpture) Ruben’s House, Antwerp -called his painting house, huge studio -Carvaggio and Michealangelo have huge influence on his paintings Peter Paul Rubens, Elevation of the Cross, 1610 -Left: mourners -landscape suggests continuity -figures don’t move into space beyond their own panels -point to the big, muscular figures (Michealangelo) -darkness that is coming out (Carvaggio) = tenebrism -contorted bodies -forshortening -extension of figures into our space -drama and emotion/dynamism Peter Paul Rubens, Henry IV Receiving the Portrait of Marie de’ Medici, 1621-1625 -represents her royal engagement -central composition -held by cupid -personification of France saying go for it -so enthralled by portrait forgets his duties Peter Paul Rubens, Arrival of Mrie de’ Medici at Marseilles, 1622-1625 -Marie returns after trip to France -various Gods (Neptune) -lavish structure here -juxatopisitons of light and dark although becoming more subtle then before Jan Brueghel the Elder and Peter Paul Rubens, Allegory of the Five Senses: Allegory of Sight, 1617-1618 -Jan believed in complex settings -meant to be contemplated -sight in sense but also in moral terms (moral lessons) -cluttered interior and exterior -luxurious home of people who commissioned work (double portrait on the right) -Hapsburgs (double headed eagle) -references to things that require sight: painting, sculpture, instruments of science and measurements -Juno is often personification of sight = contemplating picture of Christ healing the blind –telescope, magnifying glass -just because you can see doesn’t mean you can understand (monkey with the glasses) -dense symbolism The Dutch Republic (Netherlands/Holland) 1648 received official recognition of the Netherlands -economic prosperity played huge role in ushering in huge art market -wealth came from geological place, sea trade -establish smooth functioning domestic economy -no absolute ruler = rather spread through merchants and manufacterers -even the lowest occupations had works in their houses -stressed morality although also saw bourgaise -patones decreased in portraits *****Protestant***** STILL LIFES Piete
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