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Lecture 16

Women's Studies 1020E Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Diane Elson, Maquiladora, Multinational Corporation

2 pages110 viewsWinter 2018

Department
Women's Studies
Course Code
Women's Studies 1020E
Professor
Kim Verwaayen
Lecture
16

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Woes “tudies Letue 16
Gender and the Global Economy: WMFs
13/02/2017
Nike Symbol
the Nike product has become synonymous with slave wages, forced overtime, and
aita ause
Nike is a god. (God of victory)
Targeted towards girls
More beautiful when moving/active
Multinational Corporation
(sometimes called TRANSNATIONAL corporation)
COMPANY THAT HAS FACILITIES, OPERATIONS, SUBSIDIARIES, OR INVESTMENTS IN 2
OR MORE COUNTRIES
A WORLD MARKET FACTORY IS A PLANT (INDEPENDENTLY OWNED & SUBCONTACTED
BY MNCs, OR CO-OWNED, O‘ OWNED BY MNCs, LOCATED IN THE ahe! THI‘D
WO‘LD the gloal south WHICH P‘ODUCE“/A““EMBLE“ GOOD“ FO‘ EXPO‘T TO
DEVELOPED COUNT‘IE“ the gloal oth
Diane Elson: WMFs produce manufactures exclusively for export to the rih outies
Nile Figes Make Cheap Wokes: A Aalsis of Woe's Eploet i Thid
Wold Epot Maufatuig
What is a maquiladora?
Maquiladora -- fo auila: to assele:
FOREIGN-OWNED WORLD MARKET FACTORY LOCATED IN MEXICO & CENTRAL
AMERICA
In some contexts, maquila is used to refer to the factory and maquiladora to the
factory worker. The maquiladora workers are predominately female; [the majority] of
this workforce is made up of women, some as young as 12 years of age. They work in a
sweatshop like setting, under scandalous conditions, earning extremely low pay and
okig log hous Encyclopedia of Gender and Society
Maquilas are facilitated by NAFTA with tax/tariff exemptions or reductions
Sex discrimination in Maquiladoras (1996)
against local and federal laws, and international covenants, maquiladoras were
routinely subjecting women employees to pregnancy tests conditional to employment.
Pregnant workers were often pressured into quitting by being assigned heavier
workloads & night shifts.
Gender-based discrimination in maquiladoras is still a significant problem! 2016:
Woe okes fae disimination in hiring, promotions, and dismissals; sexual
harassment and other forms of violence in the workplace; and lack of respect for their
rights to health care, maternity and child care benefits.
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