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Desire; Freud, Friedan.doc

4 Pages

Women's Studies
Course Code
Women's Studies 2283F/G
Andrea Allen

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LACAN/FRIEDAN/FREUD FREUDIAN CONCEPTS • ID driven by instinct and urges • superego (conscience, product of socialization and parental inculation) - so present and a part of how we move in the world that we don't thing about it anymore • Ego: where the ID and superego compete for dominance • Drives: libidinal (eros) and death (bodily, linked to erogenous zones) - theres an attractiveness about the death drive however • sexual instinct, object and aim • the sexual object on the other hand is the thing in regard to which or through which the instinct is able to achieve its aim • pleasure - gratification or avoidance • he tried to separate the idea that sexual drive was innately connected to an object, that human beings were innately seeking heterosexual intercourse but instead its that you have these urges and you have any object and you use that object to fulfill your urges • drive isn't all about fulfillment is also about avoidance because its the fear of not fulfilling that compulsion JACQUES LACAN - 1901-1981 • born in Paris • middle class Catholic upbringing • studied medicine and psychiatry • in dialogue with Freudian concepts - he didn't agree with all of them he used them to conceptualize desire and pleasure • object petit a - the ephemeral, unlocalizable property of an object that makes it especially desirable • unsatisfied residue - is a fantasy attempting to bridge the gap between separate symbolic existence and the unmediated biological real of harmonious mix up with the primal other • we are tied to our mothers, mirror stage where there becomes a distinction of I it can happen at any time, and it is at this time where something is missing and that is objet petit a - you cant grasp it you can have it but it waves at you • theres all these kinds of things we do in order to grab that spec to fulfill our desire • desire - lack of being and is the desire of the other • - develops out of our underlying fantasy structure • - cannot be fully satisfied • - derives ultimately from the prolonged helplessness of the human infant, who before it has subjective organization as a self depends entirely on the mother for the satisfaction of vital needs - status of enlightenment you just are in the world and you don't have possessions you • just operate in the world - an idea of unification • jouissance - painful pleasure • - absolute pleasure undiluted by pleasure principle with the reality principle • - confrontation with and transgression of inherent limitation of sexual desire • desire consumes us in a way that it doesn't allow us to be full in ourselves, because in order to be full we need to have the other which allows a human to never feel full • emphasis on relationship between desire, language and structure • emphasis on the development of subjectivity and selfhood • desire more related to social structures and structures that material/biological reality • notion that lack is at the heart of desire SIGMUND FREUD 1856 - 1939 • born in Freiberg Moravia, Czech Republic • father a jewish merchant • his mother was his father's third wife and a little older than his half brothers • grew up in Austria, became a doctor who studied coca • created concept associated with psychoanalysis (his term, meaning free association) at the end of he 19th century • discussed childhood memories and how they play into adult behavior • published and developed a following and recognition in early 20th century • fled to england after the rise of Hitler's third reich Freud's three essays on the theory of sexuality 1905 - 1915 • • infantile sexuality - sexual passivity and activity, erotogenic zones, sexual urges, autoeroticism, and perversions • boys: oedipal complex - son taking the role of the father, fear of castration - since he isa rival of his father he is afraid he'll lose his penis which will make him just like his mother which removes the power relations (castration anxiety) and identification with father (disparagement of women) • girls: similar process (sexual instinct is
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