Writing 2121F/G Lecture Notes - The Smoking Gun, Intransitive Verb, Gerund

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Transitive verbs: refer to a direct object: he drinks ol" crawdad. Intransitive verbs: don"t refer to a direct object: he drinks heavily (heavily = adverb) When a verb is before a preposition it"s an intransitive verb (he drinks before class, before = preposition) States of being: our textbook is informative. Linking verbs: to be, to feel, to seem. They look like verbs and are derived from verbs but they don"t serve the same function. Gerunds: words that derive from verbs but function like nouns. Smoking is a gerund in this sentence. Three types of verbals: participles, past participles, infinitives. Participles: a verb form functioning as an adjective. Smoking is an adjective in this sentence. We can see that smoked" isn"t the verb here. Infinitive: a phrase that consists of the preposition to" and the basic form of the verb. Can function as nouns: to smoke is to live. ( to live" is subject complement" and infinitive)

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